Reducing GHGs From UK Households - An Examination of Local Authority-Level Data

Thomas Butt, Eugene Mohareb, Arman Hashemi

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceeding with ISSN or ISBNConference contribution with ISSN or ISBNResearchpeer-review

Abstract

As the threat of irreversible climate change has increased over time, the UK has focused on reducing its carbon emission levels. International treaties such as the Kyoto Protocol have informed national targets, directing the UK in reducing its climate impact. In order to achieve this an understanding of the factors that affect carbon emission reductions is vital. Identifying what dictates the success of UK local authorities in reducing their carbon emissions addresses this problem. The research uses secondary data regarding local authorities’ carbon emissions and regression analyses to explore the key factors affecting domestic emission levels over time. The research goes into further detail than existing literature through exploring sources of emissions across different sectors and analysing emissions reductions specifically between 2005-2016. Substantial and relatively consistent domestic emissions reductions were achieved in this time frame, exceeding the reductions provided by decarbonisation of the electricity grid. Standard deviations of 3% were observed in this sector, compared with 12% from Industrial & Commercial emissions. While population density demonstrated a statistically significant correlation with domestic GHG reductions, gross disposable household income was not found to be significant; however, it is a relevant indicator of total emissions levels in 2016. Through identifying these factors, suggestions to local government are made such as the implementation of region-specific strategies, tailoring these to the exact characteristics of a local authority. Furthermore, consideration of population density in conjunction with domestic and urban planning will allow for future emissions reductions to occur across the UK.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationZero Energy Mass Custom Home (ZEMCH 2019) International Conference
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 18 Sep 2019

Fingerprint

carbon emission
population density
Kyoto Protocol
climate effect
household income
urban planning
local government
electricity
climate change
emission reduction
local authority
household

Bibliographical note

© 2019 by the authors. Submitted for possible open access publication under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).

Keywords

  • greenhouse gas mitigation
  • low-carbon housing
  • domestic sector
  • United Kingdom
  • carbon strategy
  • local authorities

Cite this

Butt, T., Mohareb, E., & Hashemi, A. (Accepted/In press). Reducing GHGs From UK Households - An Examination of Local Authority-Level Data. In Zero Energy Mass Custom Home (ZEMCH 2019) International Conference
Butt, Thomas ; Mohareb, Eugene ; Hashemi, Arman. / Reducing GHGs From UK Households - An Examination of Local Authority-Level Data. Zero Energy Mass Custom Home (ZEMCH 2019) International Conference. 2019.
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Butt, T, Mohareb, E & Hashemi, A 2019, Reducing GHGs From UK Households - An Examination of Local Authority-Level Data. in Zero Energy Mass Custom Home (ZEMCH 2019) International Conference.

Reducing GHGs From UK Households - An Examination of Local Authority-Level Data. / Butt, Thomas; Mohareb, Eugene; Hashemi, Arman.

Zero Energy Mass Custom Home (ZEMCH 2019) International Conference. 2019.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceeding with ISSN or ISBNConference contribution with ISSN or ISBNResearchpeer-review

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N2 - As the threat of irreversible climate change has increased over time, the UK has focused on reducing its carbon emission levels. International treaties such as the Kyoto Protocol have informed national targets, directing the UK in reducing its climate impact. In order to achieve this an understanding of the factors that affect carbon emission reductions is vital. Identifying what dictates the success of UK local authorities in reducing their carbon emissions addresses this problem. The research uses secondary data regarding local authorities’ carbon emissions and regression analyses to explore the key factors affecting domestic emission levels over time. The research goes into further detail than existing literature through exploring sources of emissions across different sectors and analysing emissions reductions specifically between 2005-2016. Substantial and relatively consistent domestic emissions reductions were achieved in this time frame, exceeding the reductions provided by decarbonisation of the electricity grid. Standard deviations of 3% were observed in this sector, compared with 12% from Industrial & Commercial emissions. While population density demonstrated a statistically significant correlation with domestic GHG reductions, gross disposable household income was not found to be significant; however, it is a relevant indicator of total emissions levels in 2016. Through identifying these factors, suggestions to local government are made such as the implementation of region-specific strategies, tailoring these to the exact characteristics of a local authority. Furthermore, consideration of population density in conjunction with domestic and urban planning will allow for future emissions reductions to occur across the UK.

AB - As the threat of irreversible climate change has increased over time, the UK has focused on reducing its carbon emission levels. International treaties such as the Kyoto Protocol have informed national targets, directing the UK in reducing its climate impact. In order to achieve this an understanding of the factors that affect carbon emission reductions is vital. Identifying what dictates the success of UK local authorities in reducing their carbon emissions addresses this problem. The research uses secondary data regarding local authorities’ carbon emissions and regression analyses to explore the key factors affecting domestic emission levels over time. The research goes into further detail than existing literature through exploring sources of emissions across different sectors and analysing emissions reductions specifically between 2005-2016. Substantial and relatively consistent domestic emissions reductions were achieved in this time frame, exceeding the reductions provided by decarbonisation of the electricity grid. Standard deviations of 3% were observed in this sector, compared with 12% from Industrial & Commercial emissions. While population density demonstrated a statistically significant correlation with domestic GHG reductions, gross disposable household income was not found to be significant; however, it is a relevant indicator of total emissions levels in 2016. Through identifying these factors, suggestions to local government are made such as the implementation of region-specific strategies, tailoring these to the exact characteristics of a local authority. Furthermore, consideration of population density in conjunction with domestic and urban planning will allow for future emissions reductions to occur across the UK.

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Butt T, Mohareb E, Hashemi A. Reducing GHGs From UK Households - An Examination of Local Authority-Level Data. In Zero Energy Mass Custom Home (ZEMCH 2019) International Conference. 2019