Radiocarbon-dated charcoal from fluvial sediments in the Mourne Mountains, Northern Ireland: Neolithic forest clearance and tin and gold recovery in the Early Bronze Age?

Richard Warner, Norman Moles

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Two profiles through fluvial sediments associated with the Leitrim River, in the Mourne Mountains, are described and three stratified radiocarbon dates from minute woody-charcoal fragments from one of the profiles are discussed. Two of the dates are Neolithic (early and late), the earliest being, perhaps, the result of slash-and-burn forest clearance. The third date is Early Bronze Age and we suggest, on the basis of the sediment characteristics and metal analyses, that the charcoal in that layer might have been connected with the recovery of tin and gold.
Original languageEnglish
Article number5
Pages (from-to)97-114
Number of pages18
JournalJournal of Irish Archaeology
Volume24
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2015

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forest clearance
Bronze Age
tin
charcoal
alluvial deposit
gold
mountain
shifting cultivation
metal
river
sediment

Bibliographical note

This is a scanned version of the article published in the Journal of Irish Archaeology: Warner, Richard B., and Norman R. Moles. “Radiocarbon-Dated Charcoal from Fluvial Sediments in the Mourne Mountains, Northern Ireland: Neolithic Forest Clearance and Tin and Gold Recovery in the Early Bronze Age?” The Journal of Irish Archaeology, vol. 24, 2015, pp. 97–114. JSTOR, www.jstor.org/stable/90017261.

Cite this

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title = "Radiocarbon-dated charcoal from fluvial sediments in the Mourne Mountains, Northern Ireland: Neolithic forest clearance and tin and gold recovery in the Early Bronze Age?",
abstract = "Two profiles through fluvial sediments associated with the Leitrim River, in the Mourne Mountains, are described and three stratified radiocarbon dates from minute woody-charcoal fragments from one of the profiles are discussed. Two of the dates are Neolithic (early and late), the earliest being, perhaps, the result of slash-and-burn forest clearance. The third date is Early Bronze Age and we suggest, on the basis of the sediment characteristics and metal analyses, that the charcoal in that layer might have been connected with the recovery of tin and gold.",
author = "Richard Warner and Norman Moles",
note = "This is a scanned version of the article published in the Journal of Irish Archaeology: Warner, Richard B., and Norman R. Moles. “Radiocarbon-Dated Charcoal from Fluvial Sediments in the Mourne Mountains, Northern Ireland: Neolithic Forest Clearance and Tin and Gold Recovery in the Early Bronze Age?” The Journal of Irish Archaeology, vol. 24, 2015, pp. 97–114. JSTOR, www.jstor.org/stable/90017261.",
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AB - Two profiles through fluvial sediments associated with the Leitrim River, in the Mourne Mountains, are described and three stratified radiocarbon dates from minute woody-charcoal fragments from one of the profiles are discussed. Two of the dates are Neolithic (early and late), the earliest being, perhaps, the result of slash-and-burn forest clearance. The third date is Early Bronze Age and we suggest, on the basis of the sediment characteristics and metal analyses, that the charcoal in that layer might have been connected with the recovery of tin and gold.

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