The paper is focused on detailed experimental investigation of puffing and micro-explosions in composite water/rapeseed oil droplets in the presence of lignite and bituminous coal micro-particles in water. Gas temperature was measured using a high speed National Instruments 9219 for data collection and an S-type thermocouple. Video recording of droplet micro-explosions was performed using a Phantom Miro M310 high-speed camera. Droplets with radii in the range 1-2 mm were placed in a hot chamber with air velocities 3-7 m/s and temperatures up to 600 C. The time to puffing/micro-explosion and average radii of child droplets generated during puffing and micro-explosions are shown to decrease with increasing gas temperature. The presence of bituminous coal led to a visible decrease in these radii. The observed times to puffing/micro-explosion were interpreted in terms of the recently developed model of the phenomenon based on the assumption that a single spherical water sub-droplet is located in the centre of a spherical fuel droplet. The time to puffing/micro-explosion in this model is associated with the time instant when the temperature at the water/fuel interface reaches the water nucleation temperature. The model predicts a decrease in time to puffing/micro-explosion in agreement with experimental observations. The effect of coal particles on this time is shown to be weak in agreement with observations at gas temperatures above 300 C. It is shown that the times to puffing predicted by the model are close to those predicted by a simpler model in which these times are identified with the time instants when the temperature at the water/fuel interface reaches the boiling temperature of water.
- rapeseed oil/water droplets
- solid micro-particles
- bituminous coal
- Solid micro-particles
- Rapeseed oil/water droplets
- Bituminous coal
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- School of Arch, Tech and Eng - Professor of Thermal Physics
- Centre for Precision Health and Translational Medicine
- Advanced Engineering Centre