Prevalence of musculoskeletal pain and associated disability among professional bus drivers: a cross-sectional study

Apirati Kaseman, Leonard Henry Joseph, Aatit Paungmali, Patraporn Sitilertpisan, Ubon Pirunsan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Purpose: Professional bus drivers risk developing musculoskeletal pain (MSP) and disability due to their working condition. The current study investigates the prevalence rate of MSP and disability among professional bus drivers. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 83 professional bus drivers. The prevalence rate of MSP was evaluated using a standardized Nordic musculoskeletal questionnaire. The disabilities due to the MSP were evaluated using neck disability index (NDI), Oswestry disability index (ODI) and shoulder pain and disability index (SPADI) tools. Prevalence of MSP was presented with 95% of confidence interval (CI) at an alpha level of 0.05. The 12 months and 7 days prevalence of MSP were tabulated for analysing the trend of MSP between the upper and lower body regions. Results: The drivers had a mean driving experience of 10.07 ± 7.26 years. The mean driving hours/week were 50.25 ± 12.82 h. Neck and back were the most affected regions with a prevalence rate of 81.9% (N = 68) and 80.7% (N = 67) at 12 months. Back region recorded the highest 7 days prevalence rate for MSP with 53% (N = 44). Approximately one fourth of the bus drivers population (23.9%, N = 16) had moderate disability in back region. More than half with MSP in the neck region presented mild disability (54.4%, N = 37). Conclusion: The bus drivers reported a high prevalence rate of MSP in the neck, back and shoulder regions with mild to moderate disabilities. Appropriate health care and rehabilitation programs are necessary for the prevention and management of MSP among the bus drivers.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1263-1270
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 15 Apr 2021

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The authors express sincere thanks to the bus drivers, the supervisors and the managers of the bus company for their support in the study. This study was supported by an internal university research grant by the Faculty of Associated Medical Sciences and the Graduate School, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai, Thailand and the Rising Star Funding Award by the Research and Enterprise Office, University of Brighton, the United Kingdom

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021, The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature.


  • Occupaitonal health
  • Musculoskeletal pain
  • Disability evaluation
  • Prevalence
  • Bus drivers


Dive into the research topics of 'Prevalence of musculoskeletal pain and associated disability among professional bus drivers: a cross-sectional study'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this