Physiological comparison of intensity-controlled, isocaloric intermittent and continuous exercise

Adrien Combes, Jeanne Dekerle, Valerie Bougault, Frederic Daussin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

VO2 fluctuations are argued to be an important mechanism underpinning chronic adaptations following interval training. We compared the effect of exercise modality, continuous vs. intermittent realized at a same intensity, on electrical muscular activity, muscular oxygenation and on whole body oxygen uptake. Twelve participants (24 ± 5 years; VO2peak: 43 ± 6 mL· min−1·kg−1) performed (i) an incremental test to exhaustion to determine peak work rate (WRpeak); two randomized isocaloric exercises at 70%WRpeak; (ii) 1 bout of 30 min; (iii) 30 bouts of 1 min work intercepted with 1 min passive recovery. For electromyography, only the CON exercise showed change for the vastus lateralis root-mean-square (+6.4 ± 5.1%, P < .01, 95%CI 3.2, 8.3) and mean power frequency (−5.2 ± 4.8, P < .01, 95%CI −8.2, −3.5). Metabolic fluctuations (i.e. Oxygen Fluctuation Index and HHb Fluctuation Index) were higher in the intermittent modality, while post-exercise blood lactate concentrations (4.80 ± 1.50 vs. 2.32 ± 1.21 mM, respectively, for the CON and INT, P < .01, 95%CI 1.72, 3.12) and the time spent over 90% of VO2 target (1644 ± 152 vs. 356 ± 301 sec, respectively, for the CON and INT, P < .01, 95%CI 1130, 1446) were higher in the continuous modality. In conclusion, despite a similar energy expenditure and intensity, intermittent and continuous exercises showed two very different physiological responses. The intermittent modality would lead to a larger recruitment of fast twitch fibres that are less mitochondria-equipped and therefore may be more likely respondent to mitochondrial adaptations. In addition, this modality induces greater metabolic variations, a stimulus who could lead to mitochondrial development.
Original languageEnglish
JournalEuropean Journal of Sport Science
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 5 Jul 2018

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Oxygen
Quadriceps Muscle
Electromyography
Energy Metabolism
Lactic Acid
Mitochondria
iodonitrotetrazolium
Surveys and Questionnaires

Bibliographical note

This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in European Journal of Sport Science on 05/07/2018, available online: http://www.tandfonline.com/10.1080/17461391.2018.1491627

Keywords

  • Endurance
  • Exercise
  • Rehabilitation
  • Training

Cite this

@article{5e42577de62b44a28dae7b5e436707b6,
title = "Physiological comparison of intensity-controlled, isocaloric intermittent and continuous exercise",
abstract = "VO2 fluctuations are argued to be an important mechanism underpinning chronic adaptations following interval training. We compared the effect of exercise modality, continuous vs. intermittent realized at a same intensity, on electrical muscular activity, muscular oxygenation and on whole body oxygen uptake. Twelve participants (24 ± 5 years; VO2peak: 43 ± 6 mL· min−1·kg−1) performed (i) an incremental test to exhaustion to determine peak work rate (WRpeak); two randomized isocaloric exercises at 70{\%}WRpeak; (ii) 1 bout of 30 min; (iii) 30 bouts of 1 min work intercepted with 1 min passive recovery. For electromyography, only the CON exercise showed change for the vastus lateralis root-mean-square (+6.4 ± 5.1{\%}, P < .01, 95{\%}CI 3.2, 8.3) and mean power frequency (−5.2 ± 4.8, P < .01, 95{\%}CI −8.2, −3.5). Metabolic fluctuations (i.e. Oxygen Fluctuation Index and HHb Fluctuation Index) were higher in the intermittent modality, while post-exercise blood lactate concentrations (4.80 ± 1.50 vs. 2.32 ± 1.21 mM, respectively, for the CON and INT, P < .01, 95{\%}CI 1.72, 3.12) and the time spent over 90{\%} of VO2 target (1644 ± 152 vs. 356 ± 301 sec, respectively, for the CON and INT, P < .01, 95{\%}CI 1130, 1446) were higher in the continuous modality. In conclusion, despite a similar energy expenditure and intensity, intermittent and continuous exercises showed two very different physiological responses. The intermittent modality would lead to a larger recruitment of fast twitch fibres that are less mitochondria-equipped and therefore may be more likely respondent to mitochondrial adaptations. In addition, this modality induces greater metabolic variations, a stimulus who could lead to mitochondrial development.",
keywords = "Endurance, Exercise, Rehabilitation, Training",
author = "Adrien Combes and Jeanne Dekerle and Valerie Bougault and Frederic Daussin",
note = "This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in European Journal of Sport Science on 05/07/2018, available online: http://www.tandfonline.com/10.1080/17461391.2018.1491627",
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}

Physiological comparison of intensity-controlled, isocaloric intermittent and continuous exercise. / Combes, Adrien; Dekerle, Jeanne; Bougault, Valerie; Daussin, Frederic.

In: European Journal of Sport Science, 05.07.2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Physiological comparison of intensity-controlled, isocaloric intermittent and continuous exercise

AU - Combes, Adrien

AU - Dekerle, Jeanne

AU - Bougault, Valerie

AU - Daussin, Frederic

N1 - This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in European Journal of Sport Science on 05/07/2018, available online: http://www.tandfonline.com/10.1080/17461391.2018.1491627

PY - 2018/7/5

Y1 - 2018/7/5

N2 - VO2 fluctuations are argued to be an important mechanism underpinning chronic adaptations following interval training. We compared the effect of exercise modality, continuous vs. intermittent realized at a same intensity, on electrical muscular activity, muscular oxygenation and on whole body oxygen uptake. Twelve participants (24 ± 5 years; VO2peak: 43 ± 6 mL· min−1·kg−1) performed (i) an incremental test to exhaustion to determine peak work rate (WRpeak); two randomized isocaloric exercises at 70%WRpeak; (ii) 1 bout of 30 min; (iii) 30 bouts of 1 min work intercepted with 1 min passive recovery. For electromyography, only the CON exercise showed change for the vastus lateralis root-mean-square (+6.4 ± 5.1%, P < .01, 95%CI 3.2, 8.3) and mean power frequency (−5.2 ± 4.8, P < .01, 95%CI −8.2, −3.5). Metabolic fluctuations (i.e. Oxygen Fluctuation Index and HHb Fluctuation Index) were higher in the intermittent modality, while post-exercise blood lactate concentrations (4.80 ± 1.50 vs. 2.32 ± 1.21 mM, respectively, for the CON and INT, P < .01, 95%CI 1.72, 3.12) and the time spent over 90% of VO2 target (1644 ± 152 vs. 356 ± 301 sec, respectively, for the CON and INT, P < .01, 95%CI 1130, 1446) were higher in the continuous modality. In conclusion, despite a similar energy expenditure and intensity, intermittent and continuous exercises showed two very different physiological responses. The intermittent modality would lead to a larger recruitment of fast twitch fibres that are less mitochondria-equipped and therefore may be more likely respondent to mitochondrial adaptations. In addition, this modality induces greater metabolic variations, a stimulus who could lead to mitochondrial development.

AB - VO2 fluctuations are argued to be an important mechanism underpinning chronic adaptations following interval training. We compared the effect of exercise modality, continuous vs. intermittent realized at a same intensity, on electrical muscular activity, muscular oxygenation and on whole body oxygen uptake. Twelve participants (24 ± 5 years; VO2peak: 43 ± 6 mL· min−1·kg−1) performed (i) an incremental test to exhaustion to determine peak work rate (WRpeak); two randomized isocaloric exercises at 70%WRpeak; (ii) 1 bout of 30 min; (iii) 30 bouts of 1 min work intercepted with 1 min passive recovery. For electromyography, only the CON exercise showed change for the vastus lateralis root-mean-square (+6.4 ± 5.1%, P < .01, 95%CI 3.2, 8.3) and mean power frequency (−5.2 ± 4.8, P < .01, 95%CI −8.2, −3.5). Metabolic fluctuations (i.e. Oxygen Fluctuation Index and HHb Fluctuation Index) were higher in the intermittent modality, while post-exercise blood lactate concentrations (4.80 ± 1.50 vs. 2.32 ± 1.21 mM, respectively, for the CON and INT, P < .01, 95%CI 1.72, 3.12) and the time spent over 90% of VO2 target (1644 ± 152 vs. 356 ± 301 sec, respectively, for the CON and INT, P < .01, 95%CI 1130, 1446) were higher in the continuous modality. In conclusion, despite a similar energy expenditure and intensity, intermittent and continuous exercises showed two very different physiological responses. The intermittent modality would lead to a larger recruitment of fast twitch fibres that are less mitochondria-equipped and therefore may be more likely respondent to mitochondrial adaptations. In addition, this modality induces greater metabolic variations, a stimulus who could lead to mitochondrial development.

KW - Endurance

KW - Exercise

KW - Rehabilitation

KW - Training

U2 - 10.1080/17461391.2018.1491627

DO - 10.1080/17461391.2018.1491627

M3 - Article

JO - European Journal of Sport Science

JF - European Journal of Sport Science

SN - 1746-1391

ER -