Palynology: a tool to identify abrupt events? An example from Chabahar Bay, southern Iran

Ch.S. Miller, S.A.G. Leroy, G. Izon, H.A.K. Lahijani, F. Marret, Andrew Cundy, Phillip Teasdale

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Tsunami, storm and lives. The coastal regions around the north-western Arabian Sea are prone to these natural disasters with recent events including the storm and Despite their severity, the paucity of reliable historical records does not allow us to answer pertinent questions concerning their frequency, intensity and impact. Palaeo-event analysis from the geological record allows us to extend, and test, the historical record. Here we have dated and examined a 92 cm long sediment core from the tectonically active, cyclone and storm prone Chabahar Bay area (southern Iran). Our appraisal directly tests conventional proxies for identifying abrupt events (with a novel palynological (pollen and dinocyst) approach. Both sedimentological and palynological approaches suggest a large event which was dated at inconclusive. The increase of continentally derived pollen (Pinaceae, increases in enhanced affecting the Chabahar Bay region at and associated and understanding the causes of abrupt events to complement more widely applied techniques. Flood events are destructive agents that have the potential to cause much damage and costflood of AD 1842, the Makran tsunami of 1945, and Cyclone Gonu in 2007.e.g. grain-size, geochemical data), which we supplement bAD 1808 ± 41, whereas geochemical approaches remain Salix, Betula and Typha–Sparganium), Brigantedinium sp. and S. ramosus as well as decreases in Lingulodinium machaerophorum suggest fluvial delivery in association with a flood. This investigation provides evidence of a major flash-flood bAD 1808 ± 41 which we infer is the geological expression of the stormflash flood of AD 1842. Moreover, our study demonstrates the utility of palynology in identifying and understanding the causes of abrupt events to complement more widely applied techniques.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)195-201
Number of pages7
JournalMarine Geology
Volume337
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2013

Bibliographical note

© 2013 Elsevier B.V. Open access under CC BY-NC-ND license.

Keywords

  • palynology
  • palaeoevent
  • Sea of Oman
  • flood
  • storm
  • tsunami

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    Miller, C. S., Leroy, S. A. G., Izon, G., Lahijani, H. A. K., Marret, F., Cundy, A., & Teasdale, P. (2013). Palynology: a tool to identify abrupt events? An example from Chabahar Bay, southern Iran. Marine Geology, 337, 195-201. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.margeo.2013.03.004