Overview of advances in educational and social supports for young persons with NCL disorders

Bengt Elmerskog, Anne-Grethe Tossebro, Rebecca Atkinson, Svein Rokne, Barbara Cole, Adam Ockelford, Heather Adams

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Vision loss, dementia, and motor and speech declines all impact the educational experience of individuals with Batten disease and can adversely impact effective learning. There are as yet limited data to support evidence-based approaches to meeting the educational needs of affected individuals. This paper provides an overview of recent work to evaluate and address educational issues with a life-long perspective relevant to individuals with juvenile-onset neuronal ceroid lipofuscinosis (JNCL) and the professionals that provide them with educational support. In particular, several main activities of the recently completed ‘JNCL and Education’ project are summarised, including a survey of parents, educational professionals and social/health workers, development of a formative assessment tool to identify and respond to an individual student's strengths and needs in the learning environment, and proposed strategies for prolonging literacy and language skills. A key concept that should be emphasised in the educational plan for students with JNCL is that of ‘proactive’ and ‘hastened’ learning, that is, providing an early emphasis on adaptive skills that will be required in the later stages of disease progression when new learning will be more difficult to achieve. An additional key concept is participation in real-life activities to maintain skills and quality of life, particularly in the later stages of disease progression.

Original languageEnglish
Article number 165480
Number of pages9
JournalBBA - Molecular Basis of Disease
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 30 May 2020


  • Batten disease
  • CLN3 disease
  • JNCL
  • Paediatric dementia, education


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