Origin of the bell-like dependence of the DPOAE amplitude on primary frequency ratio

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


    For low and medium sound pressure levels (SPLs), the amplitude of the distortion product otoacoustic emission (DPOAE) recorded from guinea pigs at the 2f1-f2 frequency is maximal when f2/f1 ≈ 1.23 and decreases for lower and higher f2/f1 ratios. The high-ratio slope of the DPOAE dependence on the ratio of the primary frequencies might be anticipated since the f1 amplitude at the f2 place is expected to decrease for higher f2/f1 ratios. The low-ratio slope of the dependence at low and medium SPLs of the primaries is actually one slope of a notch. The DPOAE amplitude recovers from the notch when the f2/f1 ratio is further reduced. In two-dimensional space formed by the f2/f1 ratio, and the levels of the primaries, the notch is continuous and has a level-dependent phase transition. The notch is identical to that seen in DPOAE growth functions. Similar notches and phase transitions were observed for high-order and high-frequency DPOAEs. Theoretical analysis reveals that a single saturating nonlinearity is capable of generating similar amplitude notch and phase transition when the f2/f1 ratio is decreased because of the increase in f1 amplitude at the DPOAE generation place (f2 place). The difference between the DPOAE recorded from guinea pigs and humans is discussed in terms of different position of the operating point of the DPOAE generating nonlinearity.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)3097-3106
    Number of pages10
    JournalJournal of the Acoustical Society of America
    Issue number6
    Publication statusPublished - 29 Dec 2001


    Dive into the research topics of 'Origin of the bell-like dependence of the DPOAE amplitude on primary frequency ratio'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

    Cite this