Optimising value from the soft re-use of brownfield sites

Richard Bardos, Sarah Jones, Ian Stephenson, Pierre Menger, Victor Beumer, Francesca Neonato, Linda Maring, Uwe Ferber, Thomas Track, Katja Wendler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Soft re-use of brownfields describes intended temporary or final re-uses of brownfield sites which are not based on built constructions or infrastructure (‘hard' re-use). Examples of soft re-uses include the creation of public green space. These are essentially uses where the soil is not sealed. Often the case for soft re-use of brownfields has not been easy to demonstrate in strictly financial terms. The purpose of this paper is to describe a value based approach to identify and optimise services provided by the restoration of brownfields to soft re-uses, on a permanent or interim basis. A ‘Brownfield Opportunity Matrix' is suggested as means of identifying and discussing soft restoration opportunities. The use of ‘sustainability linkages' is suggested as a means of understanding the sustainability of the services under consideration and providing a structure for the overall valuation of restoration work, for example as part of design or option appraisal processes, or to support the solicitation of interest in a project.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)769-782
Number of pages14
JournalScience of the Total Environment
Publication statusPublished - 31 Dec 2015

Bibliographical note

© 2015. This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/


  • Brownfields restoration
  • Soft re-use of land
  • Options appraisal
  • Decision support
  • Sustainability assessment
  • Sustainability linkages
  • Conceptual site models


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