On the Timing and Nature of the Multiple Phases of Slope Instability on Eastern Rockall Bank, Northeast Atlantic

Aggeliki Georgiopoulou, Sebastian Krastel, Niall Finch, Kim Zehn, Stephen McCarron, Veerle Huvenne, Peter Haughton, Patrick Shannon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

One of the most challenging tasks when studying large submarine landslides is determining whether the landslide was initiated as a single large event, a chain of events closely spaced in time or multiple events separated by long periods of time as all have implications in risk assessments. In this study we combine new multichannel seismic profiles and new sediment cores with bathymetric data to test whether the Rockall Bank Slide Complex, offshore western Ireland, is the composite of multiple slope collapse events and, if so, to differentiate them. We conclude that there have been at least three voluminous episodes of slope collapse separated by long periods of slope stability, a fourth, less voluminous event, and possibly a fifth more localized event. The oldest event, Slide A (200 km3), is estimated to be several hundred thousand years old. The second event, Slide B (125 km3), took place at the same location as slide A, reactivating the same scar, nearly 200 ka ago, possibly through retrogression of the scarp. Slide C (400 km3) took place 22 ka ago and occurred further north from the other slides. Slide D was a much smaller event that happened 10 ka ago, while the most recent event, albeit very small scale, took place within the last 1,000 years. This study highlights the need to thoroughly investigate large slide complexes to evaluate event sequencing, as seismic studies may hide multiple small-scale events. This work also reveals that the same slide scarps can be reactivated and generate slides with different flow behaviors.
Original languageEnglish
JournalGeochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems
Volume20
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 11 Dec 2018

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submarine landslide
retrogression
slope stability
sediment core
landslide
risk assessment
test

Bibliographical note

An edited version of this paper was published by AGU. Copyright (2018) American Geophysical Union. Georgiopoulou, A., Krastel, S., Finch, N., Zehn, K., McCarron, S., Huvenne, V. A. I., et al. ( 2019). On the timing and nature of the multiple phases of slope instability on eastern Rockall Bank, Northeast Atlantic. Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, 20. https://doi.org/10.1029/2018GC007674

Keywords

  • Submarine slides
  • Subaqueous sediments
  • tsunami
  • Turbidity currents

Cite this

Georgiopoulou, Aggeliki ; Krastel, Sebastian ; Finch, Niall ; Zehn, Kim ; McCarron, Stephen ; Huvenne, Veerle ; Haughton, Peter ; Shannon, Patrick. / On the Timing and Nature of the Multiple Phases of Slope Instability on Eastern Rockall Bank, Northeast Atlantic. In: Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems. 2018 ; Vol. 20.
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abstract = "One of the most challenging tasks when studying large submarine landslides is determining whether the landslide was initiated as a single large event, a chain of events closely spaced in time or multiple events separated by long periods of time as all have implications in risk assessments. In this study we combine new multichannel seismic profiles and new sediment cores with bathymetric data to test whether the Rockall Bank Slide Complex, offshore western Ireland, is the composite of multiple slope collapse events and, if so, to differentiate them. We conclude that there have been at least three voluminous episodes of slope collapse separated by long periods of slope stability, a fourth, less voluminous event, and possibly a fifth more localized event. The oldest event, Slide A (200 km3), is estimated to be several hundred thousand years old. The second event, Slide B (125 km3), took place at the same location as slide A, reactivating the same scar, nearly 200 ka ago, possibly through retrogression of the scarp. Slide C (400 km3) took place 22 ka ago and occurred further north from the other slides. Slide D was a much smaller event that happened 10 ka ago, while the most recent event, albeit very small scale, took place within the last 1,000 years. This study highlights the need to thoroughly investigate large slide complexes to evaluate event sequencing, as seismic studies may hide multiple small-scale events. This work also reveals that the same slide scarps can be reactivated and generate slides with different flow behaviors.",
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On the Timing and Nature of the Multiple Phases of Slope Instability on Eastern Rockall Bank, Northeast Atlantic. / Georgiopoulou, Aggeliki; Krastel, Sebastian; Finch, Niall; Zehn, Kim; McCarron, Stephen; Huvenne, Veerle; Haughton, Peter; Shannon, Patrick.

In: Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, Vol. 20, 11.12.2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

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AU - Georgiopoulou, Aggeliki

AU - Krastel, Sebastian

AU - Finch, Niall

AU - Zehn, Kim

AU - McCarron, Stephen

AU - Huvenne, Veerle

AU - Haughton, Peter

AU - Shannon, Patrick

N1 - An edited version of this paper was published by AGU. Copyright (2018) American Geophysical Union. Georgiopoulou, A., Krastel, S., Finch, N., Zehn, K., McCarron, S., Huvenne, V. A. I., et al. ( 2019). On the timing and nature of the multiple phases of slope instability on eastern Rockall Bank, Northeast Atlantic. Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, 20. https://doi.org/10.1029/2018GC007674

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N2 - One of the most challenging tasks when studying large submarine landslides is determining whether the landslide was initiated as a single large event, a chain of events closely spaced in time or multiple events separated by long periods of time as all have implications in risk assessments. In this study we combine new multichannel seismic profiles and new sediment cores with bathymetric data to test whether the Rockall Bank Slide Complex, offshore western Ireland, is the composite of multiple slope collapse events and, if so, to differentiate them. We conclude that there have been at least three voluminous episodes of slope collapse separated by long periods of slope stability, a fourth, less voluminous event, and possibly a fifth more localized event. The oldest event, Slide A (200 km3), is estimated to be several hundred thousand years old. The second event, Slide B (125 km3), took place at the same location as slide A, reactivating the same scar, nearly 200 ka ago, possibly through retrogression of the scarp. Slide C (400 km3) took place 22 ka ago and occurred further north from the other slides. Slide D was a much smaller event that happened 10 ka ago, while the most recent event, albeit very small scale, took place within the last 1,000 years. This study highlights the need to thoroughly investigate large slide complexes to evaluate event sequencing, as seismic studies may hide multiple small-scale events. This work also reveals that the same slide scarps can be reactivated and generate slides with different flow behaviors.

AB - One of the most challenging tasks when studying large submarine landslides is determining whether the landslide was initiated as a single large event, a chain of events closely spaced in time or multiple events separated by long periods of time as all have implications in risk assessments. In this study we combine new multichannel seismic profiles and new sediment cores with bathymetric data to test whether the Rockall Bank Slide Complex, offshore western Ireland, is the composite of multiple slope collapse events and, if so, to differentiate them. We conclude that there have been at least three voluminous episodes of slope collapse separated by long periods of slope stability, a fourth, less voluminous event, and possibly a fifth more localized event. The oldest event, Slide A (200 km3), is estimated to be several hundred thousand years old. The second event, Slide B (125 km3), took place at the same location as slide A, reactivating the same scar, nearly 200 ka ago, possibly through retrogression of the scarp. Slide C (400 km3) took place 22 ka ago and occurred further north from the other slides. Slide D was a much smaller event that happened 10 ka ago, while the most recent event, albeit very small scale, took place within the last 1,000 years. This study highlights the need to thoroughly investigate large slide complexes to evaluate event sequencing, as seismic studies may hide multiple small-scale events. This work also reveals that the same slide scarps can be reactivated and generate slides with different flow behaviors.

KW - Submarine slides

KW - Subaqueous sediments

KW - tsunami

KW - Turbidity currents

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JO - Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems

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SN - 1525-2027

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