Offsite Manufacturing: A Survey on the Current Status and Risks of Offsite Construction in Iran

Arman Hashemi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Iran needs around 1.5 million residential homes to be constructed annually to answer its cumulative demand by 2025. Given the current situation of the Iranian construction industry, it seems almost impossible to achieve this objective by using traditional methods of construction alone. Offsite manufacturing (OSM) can potentially increase the housing output in Iran thanks to its advantages over traditional methods of construction. However, OSM imposes a different set of risks which should be studied in the Iranian context. This study aims to investigate the readiness of the Iranian construction industry if offsite methods were to be introduced to the country in large industrial scales. To this end, a questionnaire survey was conducted to identify the risks and required actions in order to achieve successful application of these methods. Several subjects including costs, practicality, design and construction processes, demand, governmental policies, technology, and sustainability issues were investigated as the core research areas. The results revealed that, considering the current situations, it would be highly risky to introduce offsite methods of construction to Iran. Research findings highlight some key areas including design and construction processes, economies of scale, governmental supports, and education, which should be addressed to mitigate the identified risks.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)141-152
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Civil Engineering and Architecture
Volume9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2015

Fingerprint

Construction industry
Sustainable development
Education
Costs

Keywords

  • Offsite construction
  • offsite manufacturing
  • prefabrication
  • construction technology
  • housing
  • Iranian construction industry

Cite this

@article{9a8fa9b4522844c6aca0982852b6dd09,
title = "Offsite Manufacturing: A Survey on the Current Status and Risks of Offsite Construction in Iran",
abstract = "Iran needs around 1.5 million residential homes to be constructed annually to answer its cumulative demand by 2025. Given the current situation of the Iranian construction industry, it seems almost impossible to achieve this objective by using traditional methods of construction alone. Offsite manufacturing (OSM) can potentially increase the housing output in Iran thanks to its advantages over traditional methods of construction. However, OSM imposes a different set of risks which should be studied in the Iranian context. This study aims to investigate the readiness of the Iranian construction industry if offsite methods were to be introduced to the country in large industrial scales. To this end, a questionnaire survey was conducted to identify the risks and required actions in order to achieve successful application of these methods. Several subjects including costs, practicality, design and construction processes, demand, governmental policies, technology, and sustainability issues were investigated as the core research areas. The results revealed that, considering the current situations, it would be highly risky to introduce offsite methods of construction to Iran. Research findings highlight some key areas including design and construction processes, economies of scale, governmental supports, and education, which should be addressed to mitigate the identified risks.",
keywords = "Offsite construction, offsite manufacturing, prefabrication, construction technology, housing, Iranian construction industry",
author = "Arman Hashemi",
year = "2015",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.17265/1934-7359/2015.02.003",
language = "English",
volume = "9",
pages = "141--152",
journal = "Journal of Civil Engineering and Architecture",
issn = "1934-7359",

}

Offsite Manufacturing: A Survey on the Current Status and Risks of Offsite Construction in Iran. / Hashemi, Arman.

In: Journal of Civil Engineering and Architecture, Vol. 9, 01.01.2015, p. 141-152.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Offsite Manufacturing: A Survey on the Current Status and Risks of Offsite Construction in Iran

AU - Hashemi, Arman

PY - 2015/1/1

Y1 - 2015/1/1

N2 - Iran needs around 1.5 million residential homes to be constructed annually to answer its cumulative demand by 2025. Given the current situation of the Iranian construction industry, it seems almost impossible to achieve this objective by using traditional methods of construction alone. Offsite manufacturing (OSM) can potentially increase the housing output in Iran thanks to its advantages over traditional methods of construction. However, OSM imposes a different set of risks which should be studied in the Iranian context. This study aims to investigate the readiness of the Iranian construction industry if offsite methods were to be introduced to the country in large industrial scales. To this end, a questionnaire survey was conducted to identify the risks and required actions in order to achieve successful application of these methods. Several subjects including costs, practicality, design and construction processes, demand, governmental policies, technology, and sustainability issues were investigated as the core research areas. The results revealed that, considering the current situations, it would be highly risky to introduce offsite methods of construction to Iran. Research findings highlight some key areas including design and construction processes, economies of scale, governmental supports, and education, which should be addressed to mitigate the identified risks.

AB - Iran needs around 1.5 million residential homes to be constructed annually to answer its cumulative demand by 2025. Given the current situation of the Iranian construction industry, it seems almost impossible to achieve this objective by using traditional methods of construction alone. Offsite manufacturing (OSM) can potentially increase the housing output in Iran thanks to its advantages over traditional methods of construction. However, OSM imposes a different set of risks which should be studied in the Iranian context. This study aims to investigate the readiness of the Iranian construction industry if offsite methods were to be introduced to the country in large industrial scales. To this end, a questionnaire survey was conducted to identify the risks and required actions in order to achieve successful application of these methods. Several subjects including costs, practicality, design and construction processes, demand, governmental policies, technology, and sustainability issues were investigated as the core research areas. The results revealed that, considering the current situations, it would be highly risky to introduce offsite methods of construction to Iran. Research findings highlight some key areas including design and construction processes, economies of scale, governmental supports, and education, which should be addressed to mitigate the identified risks.

KW - Offsite construction

KW - offsite manufacturing

KW - prefabrication

KW - construction technology

KW - housing

KW - Iranian construction industry

U2 - 10.17265/1934-7359/2015.02.003

DO - 10.17265/1934-7359/2015.02.003

M3 - Article

VL - 9

SP - 141

EP - 152

JO - Journal of Civil Engineering and Architecture

JF - Journal of Civil Engineering and Architecture

SN - 1934-7359

ER -