Occupational stress and site workers’ wellbeing: A case study of Ghana

Emmanuel Aboagye-Nimo, Francisca Nai, Samuel Osei-Nimo, Sam Mamphey

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceeding with ISSN or ISBNConference contribution with ISSN or ISBNpeer-review


Stress and its effect on workers’ wellbeing are a concept that is well-documented in the academic sphere. The construction industry is no different and may even possess a slightly higher problem due to its macho culture. Site operatives such as skilled tradesmen often fall under the hard-to-reach category and tend to be missed out on many investigations. This could be as a result of the transient nature of their roles and time of site. Construction site workers are exposed to excessive job demands and this increases the risk of prolonged stress which adversely affects their wellbeing. Unfortunately, very little research and documented guide exists in the case of many developing economies particularly Ghana. This research aimed to investigate the elements of occupational stress that affect the wellbeing of site workers in Accra, Ghana. 20 semi-structured interviews were conducted with site workers. This was followed up with two focus group sessions. Some key themes that emerged were task-related stressors, work environment stressors and overall organisational stressors. It was identified that most stressors affected the workers’ physical, social and psychological wellbeing. It was a common perception that the wellbeing of Ghanaian construction site workers needed to improve significantly. The identified stressors were widely agreed to affect the workers’ productivity; a vital point that employers failed to pay attention to. This research offers some important recommendations based on relevant literature and respondents’ views to aid in the improvement of site workers’ wellbeing in Ghana and possibly countries bearing similarities in construction project practices.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the Joint CIB W099 & W123 Annual International Conference 2021 
Subtitle of host publicationGoodhealth, Changes & innovations for improved wellbeing in construction
EditorsBilly Hare, Fred Sherratt, Fidelis Emuze
ISBN (Print)9781914188015
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sept 2021


  • Ghana
  • Occupational stress
  • Site workers
  • Wellbeing


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