Obstructed labor and its association with adverse feto-maternal outcome in Ethiopia: a protocol for a systematic review and meta-analysis

Yordanos Gizachew Yeshitila, Melaku Desta, Abraham Kebede

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


    Background: Obstructed labor accounted for 22% of obstetrical complications and 9% of all maternal deaths in low- and middle-income countries. Even though there are separate studies regarding obstructed labor and its complication in Ethiopia, their results are inconsistent. The objectives of this review will be to estimate the pooled the prevalence of obstructed labor and to identify adverse feto-maternal outcomes associated with obstructed labor in Ethiopia. Methods: Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guideline will be followed to conduct this systematic review and meta-analysis. The databases we will search will be PubMed, Cochrane Library, Google Scholar, CINAHL, African Journals Online, Dimensions, and Summon per country online databases. To search the relevant literature, we will use the following key search terms: “prevalence,” “adverse outcome,” “obstructed labour,” “maternal near miss,” “neonatal near miss,” “perinatal outcome,” “cesarean section,” “obstetric fistula,” “uterine rupture,” and “Ethiopia.” Joanna Briggs Institute Meta-Analysis of Statistics Assessment and Review Instrument will be used for evaluating the quality of the studies. Appropriate statistical tests will be conducted to quantify the between studies heterogeneity and for the assessment of publication bias. We will check individual study influence analysis and also do subgroup analysis. The STATA version 15 will be used for statistical analysis. Discussion: Our systematic review and meta-analysis will provide the pooled prevalence of obstructed labor and its association with adverse feto-maternal outcomes in Ethiopia. The finding of this study will be helpful to design appropriate preventive and promotive strategies for reducing of obstructed labor-related maternal mortality. Systematic review registration: PROSPERO CRD42020196153.

    Original languageEnglish
    Article number57
    JournalSystematic Reviews
    Issue number1
    Publication statusPublished - 16 Feb 2021


    • Adverse outcome
    • Ethiopia
    • Fetal
    • Maternal
    • Obstructed labor
    • Prevalence


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