Novel Blast and Fire Resistant Composite Materials: Design and Preliminary Results

Ioanna Giannopoulou, Ponsian M. Robert, Thomaida Polydorou, Demetris Demetriou, Ourania Tsioulou, Andreas Lampropoulos, Michael F. Petrou, Demetris Nicolaides

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceeding with ISSN or ISBNChapterpeer-review


Today, very few materials are available for the protection of high-rise buildings and large constructions against blast and impact and practically, they belong to a new class of concrete, the Ultra High Performance Fiber Reinforced Concretes (UHPFRCs). UHPFRC exhibits high compressive and flexural strengths, along with high energy absorption capacity; however, it suffers from limited fire resistance, a property of critical importance as blast events are usually accompanied by fires. On the other hand, the traditional fire-resistant construction materials are practically unable to protect the structures against explosions, which is also critical, since fires in constructions are often accompanied by blast events. The present paper deals with a novel Hybrid Laminate Material (HLM), which is designed, developed and validated in the frame of an extended research, focused on the elimination of the above-mentioned risks. HLM consists of an outer layer of an optimized impact/blast-resistant UHPFRC and a superficial inner layer of a fire-resistant geopolymeric concrete (FRGC). Particularly, FRGC is based on the valorization of industrial wastes and by-products, in order to decrease the production cost and enhance sustainability and circular economy principles for the new HLM, in addition to the environmental and economic benefits of the geopolymerization technology. In this paper, the design of the novel HLM construction material is presented and the results of exploratory tests on the applicability of selected industrial waste and by-products for the FRGC development are given and the thermomechanical performance of the FRGC prepared by selected waste materials is discussed. According to the results, the fire-resistant layer of HLM can be based on waste materials providing the final product with viability and sustainability, without falling short of the properties required for such material.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationBuilding for the Future: Durable, Sustainable, Resilient
Subtitle of host publicationProceedings of the fib Symposium 2023 - Volume 1
EditorsAlper Ilki, Derya Çavunt, Yavuz Selim Çavunt
Number of pages10
ISBN (Electronic)9783031325199
ISBN (Print)9783031325182
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2023

Publication series

NameLecture Notes in Civil Engineering

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Acknowledgements. The authors would like to express their sincere gratitude to the Cyprus Government and the European Regional Development Fund (ERDF) for co-funding the research project entitled “Blast and Fire Resistant Material (BAM)” (Contract Number: EXCELLENCE/0421/0137), under the framework programme RESTART 2016–2020 of the Cyprus Research & Innovation Foundation (RIF).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023, The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Switzerland AG.


  • Blast Resistance
  • Fireproof Materials
  • Geopolymer
  • Impact Resistance
  • Secondary Resources


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