Recent studies have identified a positive role for nitric oxide (NO) in the regulation of pancreatic β-cell function. The aim of this study was to determine the effects of short-term exposure to NO on β-cell gene expression and the activity of the transcription factor PDX-1. NO stimulated the activity of the insulin gene promoter in Min6 β-cells and endogenous insulin mRNA levels in both Min6 and isolated islets of Langerhans. Addition of wortmannin prior to NO stimulation blocked the observed increases in insulin gene promoter activity. Although NO addition stimulated the phosphorylation of p38, inhibition by SB203580 did not block the effect of NO on the insulin gene promoter. NO addition also stimulated both the nuclear accumulation and the DNA binding activity of PDX-1. This study has shown that over 24 h, NO stimulates insulin gene expression, PI-3-kinase activity and the activity of the critical β-cell transcription factor PDX-1.
|Number of pages
|Biochemical and biophysical research communications
|Published - 23 Feb 2007