Nikos Kazantzakis’s phenomenology and its relevance to the study of organizations

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    This paper examines Morgan’s theorization of images of organizations
    from a phenomenological perspective using the works of Nikos
    Kazantzakis. The paper argues that Morgan’s representation of metaphors
    currently favours an entitative interpretation of influence and control,
    undermining novel processes deeply embedded within existential
    nuances situated in the realm of the human experience. By focusing on
    Kazantzakis’s phenomenology, the paper proposes that a theorization of
    transitionality demonstrates that a content–process struggle is rooted
    within a permanence–temporality struggle constantly conditioned against
    individuals’ transitoriness of existence. Relatedness, affirmation and
    temporality represent three interdependent process states and each
    exposes self-existential tensions that regulate the directionality of one’s
    transitions. Such transitions are thought to challenge the entitative form
    with which organizations are portrayed in the individual. The paper shows
    that a conceptualization of transitionality through Kazantzakis provides a
    new scope for understanding the structure of movements situated in the
    self and for customizing the forces of permanence and temporality.
    Original languageEnglish
    JournalCulture and Organization
    Publication statusPublished - 24 Jan 2019

    Bibliographical note

    “This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in Culture and Organization on 24/01/2019, available online:


    • Morgan
    • Nikos Kazantzakis
    • images
    • metaphors
    • phenomenology
    • process


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