Morphodynamic and ecohydraulic response of different engineered log jam configurations in response to changes in discharge

Anne Ockelford, Joanna Curran, Dan Parsons, Dan Shugar

Research output: Contribution to conferenceAbstractResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Engineered log jams are increasingly being constructed to develop, restore or maintain habitat diversity for key indicator species such as salmon as well as being used to promote and maintain channel stability. However, questions remain as to how differences in the design of engineered log jams affects their efficiency in terms of the inter relationships between the logjams, the channel morphology, the flow characteristics and the habitat diversity. Further there are also questions surrounding how this efficiency changes with flow discharge.

In order to quantify the morphodynamic and ecohydraulic response of engineered log jams to changes in discharge three engineered logjams of different configurations were analyzed over a 3km reach of the South Fork Nooksack River, North Cascades National Park, USA. Data were collected during both the summer low flow period and the subsequent spring snowmelt period. Non-intrusive three-dimensional topographic surveys of the river bed morphology surrounding the logjams were collected using a shallow water multibeam system. This was combined with terrestrial laser scans of the structure of the log jams above the waterline. Co-located high resolution flow velocity data was collected using an Acoustic Doppler Current Profiler.

Discussion concentrates on quantitative comparisons of the effect of logjam configuration on reach scale morphodynamics and ecohydraulics in response to changes in discharge. Multivariate statistical analysis of flow and topographic data in combination with log jam morphology allow the influences of the logjam on habitat suitability for key indicator species to be quantified. Results will be framed in terms of the effectiveness of the different logjam configurations on generating and promoting habitat diversity and channel stability such as to aid future design and implementation.
Original languageEnglish
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 7 Jan 2019
EventWood in World Rivers Conference - Valdivia, Valdivia, Chile
Duration: 7 Jan 201911 Jan 2019
Conference number: 4
https://www.wwr4.cl/

Conference

ConferenceWood in World Rivers Conference
CountryChile
CityValdivia
Period7/01/1911/01/19
Internet address

Fingerprint

morphodynamics
habitat
channel morphology
Acoustic Doppler Current Profiler
river bed
snowmelt
low flow
flow velocity
shoreline
statistical analysis
national park
shallow water
laser
summer
river
indicator

Keywords

  • Channel Stabiliy
  • Morphodynamics
  • Discharge response
  • Engineered log jams

Cite this

Ockelford, A., Curran, J., Parsons, D., & Shugar, D. (Accepted/In press). Morphodynamic and ecohydraulic response of different engineered log jam configurations in response to changes in discharge. Abstract from Wood in World Rivers Conference, Valdivia, Chile.
Ockelford, Anne ; Curran, Joanna ; Parsons, Dan ; Shugar, Dan. / Morphodynamic and ecohydraulic response of different engineered log jam configurations in response to changes in discharge. Abstract from Wood in World Rivers Conference, Valdivia, Chile.
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Ockelford, A, Curran, J, Parsons, D & Shugar, D 2019, 'Morphodynamic and ecohydraulic response of different engineered log jam configurations in response to changes in discharge' Wood in World Rivers Conference, Valdivia, Chile, 7/01/19 - 11/01/19, .

Morphodynamic and ecohydraulic response of different engineered log jam configurations in response to changes in discharge. / Ockelford, Anne; Curran, Joanna; Parsons, Dan ; Shugar, Dan.

2019. Abstract from Wood in World Rivers Conference, Valdivia, Chile.

Research output: Contribution to conferenceAbstractResearchpeer-review

TY - CONF

T1 - Morphodynamic and ecohydraulic response of different engineered log jam configurations in response to changes in discharge

AU - Ockelford, Anne

AU - Curran, Joanna

AU - Parsons, Dan

AU - Shugar, Dan

PY - 2019/1/7

Y1 - 2019/1/7

N2 - Engineered log jams are increasingly being constructed to develop, restore or maintain habitat diversity for key indicator species such as salmon as well as being used to promote and maintain channel stability. However, questions remain as to how differences in the design of engineered log jams affects their efficiency in terms of the inter relationships between the logjams, the channel morphology, the flow characteristics and the habitat diversity. Further there are also questions surrounding how this efficiency changes with flow discharge. In order to quantify the morphodynamic and ecohydraulic response of engineered log jams to changes in discharge three engineered logjams of different configurations were analyzed over a 3km reach of the South Fork Nooksack River, North Cascades National Park, USA. Data were collected during both the summer low flow period and the subsequent spring snowmelt period. Non-intrusive three-dimensional topographic surveys of the river bed morphology surrounding the logjams were collected using a shallow water multibeam system. This was combined with terrestrial laser scans of the structure of the log jams above the waterline. Co-located high resolution flow velocity data was collected using an Acoustic Doppler Current Profiler.Discussion concentrates on quantitative comparisons of the effect of logjam configuration on reach scale morphodynamics and ecohydraulics in response to changes in discharge. Multivariate statistical analysis of flow and topographic data in combination with log jam morphology allow the influences of the logjam on habitat suitability for key indicator species to be quantified. Results will be framed in terms of the effectiveness of the different logjam configurations on generating and promoting habitat diversity and channel stability such as to aid future design and implementation.

AB - Engineered log jams are increasingly being constructed to develop, restore or maintain habitat diversity for key indicator species such as salmon as well as being used to promote and maintain channel stability. However, questions remain as to how differences in the design of engineered log jams affects their efficiency in terms of the inter relationships between the logjams, the channel morphology, the flow characteristics and the habitat diversity. Further there are also questions surrounding how this efficiency changes with flow discharge. In order to quantify the morphodynamic and ecohydraulic response of engineered log jams to changes in discharge three engineered logjams of different configurations were analyzed over a 3km reach of the South Fork Nooksack River, North Cascades National Park, USA. Data were collected during both the summer low flow period and the subsequent spring snowmelt period. Non-intrusive three-dimensional topographic surveys of the river bed morphology surrounding the logjams were collected using a shallow water multibeam system. This was combined with terrestrial laser scans of the structure of the log jams above the waterline. Co-located high resolution flow velocity data was collected using an Acoustic Doppler Current Profiler.Discussion concentrates on quantitative comparisons of the effect of logjam configuration on reach scale morphodynamics and ecohydraulics in response to changes in discharge. Multivariate statistical analysis of flow and topographic data in combination with log jam morphology allow the influences of the logjam on habitat suitability for key indicator species to be quantified. Results will be framed in terms of the effectiveness of the different logjam configurations on generating and promoting habitat diversity and channel stability such as to aid future design and implementation.

KW - Channel Stabiliy

KW - Morphodynamics

KW - Discharge response

KW - Engineered log jams

M3 - Abstract

ER -

Ockelford A, Curran J, Parsons D, Shugar D. Morphodynamic and ecohydraulic response of different engineered log jam configurations in response to changes in discharge. 2019. Abstract from Wood in World Rivers Conference, Valdivia, Chile.