Biodiesel fuel droplet heating and evaporation is investigated using the previously developed models, taking into account temperature gradient, recirculation, and species diffusion within droplets. The analysis is focused on four types of biodiesel fuels: Palm Methyl Ester, Hemp Methyl Esters, Rapeseed oil Methyl Ester, and Soybean oil Methyl Ester. These fuels contain up to 15 various methyl esters and possibly small amounts of unspecified additives, which are treated as methyl esters with some average characteristics. Calculations are performed using two approaches: (1) taking into account the contribution of all components of biodiesel fuels (up to 16); and (2) assuming that these fuels can be treated as a one component fuel with averaged transport and thermodynamic coefficients. It is pointed out that for all types of biodiesel fuel the predictions of the multi-component and single component models are rather close (the droplet evaporation times predicted by these models differ by less than about 5.5%). This difference is much smaller than observed in the case of Diesel and gasoline fuel droplets, and is related to the fact that in the case of Diesel and gasoline fuel droplets the contribution of components in a wide range of molar masses and enthalpies of evaporation needs to be taken into account, while in the case of biodiesel fuels the main contribution comes from the components in a narrow range of molar masses, boiling temperatures and enthalpies of evaporation. As in the case of Diesel and gasoline fuel droplets, the multi-component model predicts higher droplet surface temperature and longer evaporation times than the single component model.
Bibliographical note© 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
- Biodiesel fuel
- Methyl esters
- Multi-component droplets