Modelling of biodiesel and diesel fuel droplet heating and evaporation

Sergei S. Sazhin, Mansour Al Qubeissi, Morgan R. Heikal

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

Abstract

New results of the investigation of biodiesel fuel droplet heating and evaporation, using previously developed models, are presented. Temperature gradient, recirculation and species diffusion within the droplets are taken into account. The results of calculations, taking into account the contribution of all components of biodiesel fuels (up to 16) and assuming that these fuels can be treated as a one component fuel, are discussed. It is pointed out that there are serious problems with the application of the approach, based on the analysis of diffusion of individual components, to the modelling of heating and evaporation of realistic Diesel fuel droplets, as the latter include more than 100 components. In our earlier papers, a new approach to the modelling of heating and evaporation of multi-component droplets, suitable for the case when a large number of components are present in the droplets, was suggested. This approach was based on the introduction of quasi-components, and the model was called the 'quasi-discrete' model. It is pointed out that there are two main problems with the application of the quasi-discrete model to realistic Diesel fuels. Firstly, even if we restrict our analysis to alkanes alone, it appears not to be easy to approximate this distribution with a reasonably simple distribution function. Secondly, the contributions of other hydrocarbon families in addition to alkanes cannot be ignored in any realistic model of Diesel fuels. Some results of the development of the generalised multi-dimensional version of the quasi-discrete model and its application to realistic Diesel fuel droplets are presented.

Original languageEnglish
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2014
Event15th International Heat Transfer Conference, IHTC 2014 - Kyoto, Japan
Duration: 10 Aug 201415 Aug 2014

Conference

Conference15th International Heat Transfer Conference, IHTC 2014
CountryJapan
CityKyoto
Period10/08/1415/08/14

Keywords

  • Biodiesel fuel
  • Conduction
  • Diesel fuel
  • Mass diffusion
  • Spray and atomization
  • Thermophysical properties

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