An inverse kinematic model is presented that was employed to determine the optimum intervertebral joint configuration for a given forward-bending posture of the human trunk. The lumbar spine was modelled as an open-end, kinematic chain of five links that represented the five vertebrae (L1-L5). An optimisation equation with physiological constraints was employed to determine the intervertebral joint configuration. Intervertebral movements were measured from sagittal X-ray films of 22 subjects. The mean difference between the X-ray measurements of intervertebral rotations in the sagittal plane and the values predicted by the kinematic model was less than 1.6 . Pearson product-moment correlation R was used to measure the relationship between the measured and predicted values. The R-values were found to be high, ranging from 0.83 to 0.97, for prediction of intervertebral rotation, but poor for intervertebral translation (H = 0.08-0.67). It is concluded that the inverse kinematic model will be clinically useful for predicting intervertebral rotation when X-ray or invasive measurements are undesirable. It will also be useful to biomechanical modelling, which requires accurate kinematic information as model input data.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Medical & Biological Engineering & Computing|
|Publication status||Published - Nov 2004|
- Intervertebral motion
- Lumbar spine
- Inverse kinematics