Making the Invisible Visible: Designing Values-Based Indicators and Tools for Identifying and Closing ‘Value-Action Gaps'

Gemma Burford, Elona Hoover, A. Dahl, Marie Harder

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceeding with ISSN or ISBNChapter


This chapter in the edited volume Responsible Living - Concepts, Education and Future Perspectives presents a discussion on the application of values-based indicators for the twofold purpose of reflection (inspiring teaching and learning) and evaluation (guiding organizational development). We first describe the EU-funded project within which values-based indicators were initially developed, and provide an overview of the processes leading to the initial design of a project evaluation toolkit (‘VALUETOOL’) and the evidence of its usefulness for identifying and bridging value-action gaps in civil society organizations providing education for sustainability. The central section of this paper reports on a co-design project to develop a toolkit of values-based indicators for secondary schools, primarily for teaching and learning purposes. Finally, in the discussion section, we suggest a theoretical grounding for the use of values-based indicators to close value-action gaps; identify a new kind of gap that has not previously been described in the literature; and reflect on some of the wider implications of our work.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationResponsible Living
Subtitle of host publicationConcepts, Education and Future Perspectives
EditorsV.W. Thoresen, D. Doyle, J. Klein, R.J. Didham
Place of PublicationCham
PublisherSpringer International Publishing
Number of pages21
ISBN (Electronic)9783319153056
ISBN (Print)9783319153049
Publication statusPublished - 5 Feb 2015


  • Values
  • Value-action gaps
  • Education for sustainability
  • Indicators
  • Schools


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