Lumped parameter model of sintered heat pipe: Transient numerical analysis and validation

C. Ferrandi, F. Iorizzo, M. Mameli, S. Zinna, M. Marengo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

This paper describes a lumped parameter numerical model which is able to simulate the transient as well as the steady-state operation of a sintered heat pipe. The main objective of the work is to build a simple, engineering-approach simulation tool to define the HP characteristics of small HPs, which are now in the market with doubtful specifications. The code has been validated by comparisons with numerical and experimental results readily available from the open literature and an extensive numerical simulation campaign has been carried out in order to characterize the thermal-hydraulic behavior of mini heat pipes. This analysis focuses particularly on the effects of wick thickness, porosity, grain structure and void fraction level in the evaporator on thermal performance and working limits. Mini HPs with different dimensions (8, 5 and 3 mm outer diameter, 1 mm wall thickness, sintered copper wick, water as filling fluid) have been considered. It was found that there is an optimum wick thickness which minimizes the thermal resistance with no remarkable grain radius effect, while, as expected, the grain size affects the evaporator wick dryness.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1280-1290
Number of pages11
JournalApplied Thermal Engineering
Volume50
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2013

Fingerprint

Heat pipes
Evaporators
Numerical analysis
Void fraction
Crystal microstructure
Heat resistance
Numerical models
Porosity
Hydraulics
Specifications
Copper
Fluids
Computer simulation
Water
Hot Temperature

Keywords

  • Darcy law
  • Heat pipe modeling
  • Lumped parameter code
  • Mini sintered heat pipe
  • Sintered heat pipe

Cite this

Ferrandi, C. ; Iorizzo, F. ; Mameli, M. ; Zinna, S. ; Marengo, M. / Lumped parameter model of sintered heat pipe : Transient numerical analysis and validation. In: Applied Thermal Engineering. 2013 ; Vol. 50, No. 1. pp. 1280-1290.
@article{dba243b9efc44d08853e13d44242ab8c,
title = "Lumped parameter model of sintered heat pipe: Transient numerical analysis and validation",
abstract = "This paper describes a lumped parameter numerical model which is able to simulate the transient as well as the steady-state operation of a sintered heat pipe. The main objective of the work is to build a simple, engineering-approach simulation tool to define the HP characteristics of small HPs, which are now in the market with doubtful specifications. The code has been validated by comparisons with numerical and experimental results readily available from the open literature and an extensive numerical simulation campaign has been carried out in order to characterize the thermal-hydraulic behavior of mini heat pipes. This analysis focuses particularly on the effects of wick thickness, porosity, grain structure and void fraction level in the evaporator on thermal performance and working limits. Mini HPs with different dimensions (8, 5 and 3 mm outer diameter, 1 mm wall thickness, sintered copper wick, water as filling fluid) have been considered. It was found that there is an optimum wick thickness which minimizes the thermal resistance with no remarkable grain radius effect, while, as expected, the grain size affects the evaporator wick dryness.",
keywords = "Darcy law, Heat pipe modeling, Lumped parameter code, Mini sintered heat pipe, Sintered heat pipe",
author = "C. Ferrandi and F. Iorizzo and M. Mameli and S. Zinna and M. Marengo",
year = "2013",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.applthermaleng.2012.07.022",
language = "English",
volume = "50",
pages = "1280--1290",
journal = "Applied Thermal Engineering",
issn = "1359-4311",
number = "1",

}

Lumped parameter model of sintered heat pipe : Transient numerical analysis and validation. / Ferrandi, C.; Iorizzo, F.; Mameli, M.; Zinna, S.; Marengo, M.

In: Applied Thermal Engineering, Vol. 50, No. 1, 01.01.2013, p. 1280-1290.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Lumped parameter model of sintered heat pipe

T2 - Transient numerical analysis and validation

AU - Ferrandi, C.

AU - Iorizzo, F.

AU - Mameli, M.

AU - Zinna, S.

AU - Marengo, M.

PY - 2013/1/1

Y1 - 2013/1/1

N2 - This paper describes a lumped parameter numerical model which is able to simulate the transient as well as the steady-state operation of a sintered heat pipe. The main objective of the work is to build a simple, engineering-approach simulation tool to define the HP characteristics of small HPs, which are now in the market with doubtful specifications. The code has been validated by comparisons with numerical and experimental results readily available from the open literature and an extensive numerical simulation campaign has been carried out in order to characterize the thermal-hydraulic behavior of mini heat pipes. This analysis focuses particularly on the effects of wick thickness, porosity, grain structure and void fraction level in the evaporator on thermal performance and working limits. Mini HPs with different dimensions (8, 5 and 3 mm outer diameter, 1 mm wall thickness, sintered copper wick, water as filling fluid) have been considered. It was found that there is an optimum wick thickness which minimizes the thermal resistance with no remarkable grain radius effect, while, as expected, the grain size affects the evaporator wick dryness.

AB - This paper describes a lumped parameter numerical model which is able to simulate the transient as well as the steady-state operation of a sintered heat pipe. The main objective of the work is to build a simple, engineering-approach simulation tool to define the HP characteristics of small HPs, which are now in the market with doubtful specifications. The code has been validated by comparisons with numerical and experimental results readily available from the open literature and an extensive numerical simulation campaign has been carried out in order to characterize the thermal-hydraulic behavior of mini heat pipes. This analysis focuses particularly on the effects of wick thickness, porosity, grain structure and void fraction level in the evaporator on thermal performance and working limits. Mini HPs with different dimensions (8, 5 and 3 mm outer diameter, 1 mm wall thickness, sintered copper wick, water as filling fluid) have been considered. It was found that there is an optimum wick thickness which minimizes the thermal resistance with no remarkable grain radius effect, while, as expected, the grain size affects the evaporator wick dryness.

KW - Darcy law

KW - Heat pipe modeling

KW - Lumped parameter code

KW - Mini sintered heat pipe

KW - Sintered heat pipe

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84868466039&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.applthermaleng.2012.07.022

DO - 10.1016/j.applthermaleng.2012.07.022

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:84868466039

VL - 50

SP - 1280

EP - 1290

JO - Applied Thermal Engineering

JF - Applied Thermal Engineering

SN - 1359-4311

IS - 1

ER -