Kilombe Volcano, Kenya

John Gowlett, James Cole, Andy Herries, Sally Hoare, Ian Stanistreet, Stephen Rucina

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceeding with ISSN or ISBNChapterpeer-review


Kilombe is an extinct volcano lying on the western flank of the Rift Valley in Kenya, immediately south of the Equator. Over the period it has been subject to research, it has yielded a remarkably long sequence of archaeological sites with different typo-technological characteristics, including Early Stone Age (ESA: Oldowan and Acheulean), Middle Stone Age (MSA), and traces of the Later Stone Age (LSA), contained within a sedimentary record extending through almost the whole of the Pleistocene. It is best known for the Acheulean occupation of the extensive Kilombe Main Site, GqJh1 (Gowlett, et al. 2015), which is approximately one million years old (Ma), but a renewed program of research has revealed a new sequence of Oldowan and early Acheulean sites in Kilombe Caldera, as well as early MSA sites on the mountain flank (Hoare, et al. 2021).
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationHandbook of Pleistocene Archaeology of Africa
Subtitle of host publicationHominin behavior, geography, and chronology
EditorsA Beyin, D.K Wright, J Wilkins, D.I Olszewski
Number of pages17
ISBN (Electronic)9783031202902
ISBN (Print)9783031202896
Publication statusPublished - 18 Aug 2023


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