Is the Biopsychosocial model in musculoskeletal physiotherapy adequate? An Evolutionary Concept Analysis

Georgi Daluiso-King, Clair Hebron

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Purpose: It is considered that implementation of the biopsychosocial model (BPSM) within physiotherapy is affected by its lack of conceptual clarity. This concept analysis explores the meaning and offers conceptual transparency to the BPSM and expands upon its current conceptual framework for practice. Method: Literature was selected through a systematic search. The studies were analyzed and the data themed following thematic analysis. Results: From the seventeen articles included, five master themes and four subthemes were constructed. The master themes were: 1) ‘Bio-medical factors’; 2) ‘Psychological factors’; 3) ‘Social factors’; 4) ‘Communication’; and 5) ‘Individualized Care’. The subthemes were: 1) ‘Education’; 2) ‘Cognitive’; 3) ‘Behavioral factors’; 4) ‘Occupational factors’; and 5) ‘Therapeutic Alliance’. Conclusion: A contemporary visual representation of the BPSM is presented which represents a holistic, humanist perspective. ‘Communication’ scaffolds the framework and supports the exploration of the person’s lifeworld through the ‘therapeutic alliance’.

Original languageEnglish
JournalPhysiotherapy Theory and Practice
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 16 Jun 2020

Keywords

  • biopsychosocial model
  • biopsychosocial approach
  • physiotherapy
  • conceptual
  • philosophy
  • concept analysis
  • holistic
  • humanist
  • Biopsychosocial model

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Is the Biopsychosocial model in musculoskeletal physiotherapy adequate? An Evolutionary Concept Analysis'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this