IOC consensus statement: dietary supplements and the high-performance athlete

Ronald J. Maughan, Louise M. Burke, Jiri Dvorak, D. Enette Larson-Meyer, Peter Peeling, Stuart M. Phillips, Eric S. Rawson, Neil P. Walsh, Ina Garthe, Yannis Pitsiladis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Nutrition usually makes a small but potentially valuable contribution to successful performance in elite athletes, and dietary supplements can make a minor contribution to this nutrition programme. Nonetheless, supplement use is widespread at all levels of sport. Products described as supplements target different issues, including (1) the management of micronutrient deficiencies, (2) supply of convenient forms of energy and macronutrients, and (3) provision of direct benefits to performance or (4) indirect benefits such as supporting intense training regimens. The appropriate use of some supplements can benefit the athlete, but others may harm the athlete's health, performance, and/or livelihood and reputation (if an antidoping rule violation results). A complete nutritional assessment should be undertaken before decisions regarding supplement use are made. Supplements claiming to directly or indirectly enhance performance are typically the largest group of products marketed to athletes, but only a few (including caffeine, creatine, specific buffering agents and nitrate) have good evidence of benefits. However, responses are affected by the scenario of use and may vary widely between individuals because of factors that include genetics, the microbiome and habitual diet. Supplements intended to enhance performance should be thoroughly trialled in training or simulated competition before being used in competition. Inadvertent ingestion of substances prohibited under the antidoping codes that govern elite sport is a known risk of taking some supplements. Protection of the athlete's health and awareness of the potential for harm must be paramount; expert professional opinion and assistance is strongly advised before an athlete embarks on supplement use.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)439-455
Number of pages17
JournalBritish Journal of Sports Medicine
Volume52
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 19 Mar 2018

Fingerprint

Dietary Supplements
Athletes
Consensus
Sports
Nutrition Assessment
Creatine
Micronutrients
Microbiota
Health
Expert Testimony
Risk-Taking
Caffeine
Nitrates
Eating
Diet

Bibliographical note

This is an Open Access article distributed in accordance with the Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial (CC BY-NC 4.0) license, which permits others to distribute, remix, adapt, build upon this work non-commercially, and license their derivative works on different terms, provided the original work is properly cited and the use is non-commercial. See: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/

Cite this

Maughan, R. J., Burke, L. M., Dvorak, J., Enette Larson-Meyer, D., Peeling, P., Phillips, S. M., ... Pitsiladis, Y. (2018). IOC consensus statement: dietary supplements and the high-performance athlete. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 52(7), 439-455. https://doi.org/10.1136/bjsports-2018-099027
Maughan, Ronald J. ; Burke, Louise M. ; Dvorak, Jiri ; Enette Larson-Meyer, D. ; Peeling, Peter ; Phillips, Stuart M. ; Rawson, Eric S. ; Walsh, Neil P. ; Garthe, Ina ; Pitsiladis, Yannis. / IOC consensus statement: dietary supplements and the high-performance athlete. In: British Journal of Sports Medicine. 2018 ; Vol. 52, No. 7. pp. 439-455.
@article{fc63b4dc6967453ebcfc4ffa421190bd,
title = "IOC consensus statement: dietary supplements and the high-performance athlete",
abstract = "Nutrition usually makes a small but potentially valuable contribution to successful performance in elite athletes, and dietary supplements can make a minor contribution to this nutrition programme. Nonetheless, supplement use is widespread at all levels of sport. Products described as supplements target different issues, including (1) the management of micronutrient deficiencies, (2) supply of convenient forms of energy and macronutrients, and (3) provision of direct benefits to performance or (4) indirect benefits such as supporting intense training regimens. The appropriate use of some supplements can benefit the athlete, but others may harm the athlete's health, performance, and/or livelihood and reputation (if an antidoping rule violation results). A complete nutritional assessment should be undertaken before decisions regarding supplement use are made. Supplements claiming to directly or indirectly enhance performance are typically the largest group of products marketed to athletes, but only a few (including caffeine, creatine, specific buffering agents and nitrate) have good evidence of benefits. However, responses are affected by the scenario of use and may vary widely between individuals because of factors that include genetics, the microbiome and habitual diet. Supplements intended to enhance performance should be thoroughly trialled in training or simulated competition before being used in competition. Inadvertent ingestion of substances prohibited under the antidoping codes that govern elite sport is a known risk of taking some supplements. Protection of the athlete's health and awareness of the potential for harm must be paramount; expert professional opinion and assistance is strongly advised before an athlete embarks on supplement use.",
author = "Maughan, {Ronald J.} and Burke, {Louise M.} and Jiri Dvorak and {Enette Larson-Meyer}, D. and Peter Peeling and Phillips, {Stuart M.} and Rawson, {Eric S.} and Walsh, {Neil P.} and Ina Garthe and Yannis Pitsiladis",
note = "This is an Open Access article distributed in accordance with the Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial (CC BY-NC 4.0) license, which permits others to distribute, remix, adapt, build upon this work non-commercially, and license their derivative works on different terms, provided the original work is properly cited and the use is non-commercial. See: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/",
year = "2018",
month = "3",
day = "19",
doi = "10.1136/bjsports-2018-099027",
language = "English",
volume = "52",
pages = "439--455",
journal = "British Journal of Sports Medicine",
issn = "0306-3674",
number = "7",

}

Maughan, RJ, Burke, LM, Dvorak, J, Enette Larson-Meyer, D, Peeling, P, Phillips, SM, Rawson, ES, Walsh, NP, Garthe, I & Pitsiladis, Y 2018, 'IOC consensus statement: dietary supplements and the high-performance athlete', British Journal of Sports Medicine, vol. 52, no. 7, pp. 439-455. https://doi.org/10.1136/bjsports-2018-099027

IOC consensus statement: dietary supplements and the high-performance athlete. / Maughan, Ronald J.; Burke, Louise M.; Dvorak, Jiri; Enette Larson-Meyer, D.; Peeling, Peter; Phillips, Stuart M.; Rawson, Eric S.; Walsh, Neil P.; Garthe, Ina; Pitsiladis, Yannis.

In: British Journal of Sports Medicine, Vol. 52, No. 7, 19.03.2018, p. 439-455.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - IOC consensus statement: dietary supplements and the high-performance athlete

AU - Maughan, Ronald J.

AU - Burke, Louise M.

AU - Dvorak, Jiri

AU - Enette Larson-Meyer, D.

AU - Peeling, Peter

AU - Phillips, Stuart M.

AU - Rawson, Eric S.

AU - Walsh, Neil P.

AU - Garthe, Ina

AU - Pitsiladis, Yannis

N1 - This is an Open Access article distributed in accordance with the Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial (CC BY-NC 4.0) license, which permits others to distribute, remix, adapt, build upon this work non-commercially, and license their derivative works on different terms, provided the original work is properly cited and the use is non-commercial. See: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/

PY - 2018/3/19

Y1 - 2018/3/19

N2 - Nutrition usually makes a small but potentially valuable contribution to successful performance in elite athletes, and dietary supplements can make a minor contribution to this nutrition programme. Nonetheless, supplement use is widespread at all levels of sport. Products described as supplements target different issues, including (1) the management of micronutrient deficiencies, (2) supply of convenient forms of energy and macronutrients, and (3) provision of direct benefits to performance or (4) indirect benefits such as supporting intense training regimens. The appropriate use of some supplements can benefit the athlete, but others may harm the athlete's health, performance, and/or livelihood and reputation (if an antidoping rule violation results). A complete nutritional assessment should be undertaken before decisions regarding supplement use are made. Supplements claiming to directly or indirectly enhance performance are typically the largest group of products marketed to athletes, but only a few (including caffeine, creatine, specific buffering agents and nitrate) have good evidence of benefits. However, responses are affected by the scenario of use and may vary widely between individuals because of factors that include genetics, the microbiome and habitual diet. Supplements intended to enhance performance should be thoroughly trialled in training or simulated competition before being used in competition. Inadvertent ingestion of substances prohibited under the antidoping codes that govern elite sport is a known risk of taking some supplements. Protection of the athlete's health and awareness of the potential for harm must be paramount; expert professional opinion and assistance is strongly advised before an athlete embarks on supplement use.

AB - Nutrition usually makes a small but potentially valuable contribution to successful performance in elite athletes, and dietary supplements can make a minor contribution to this nutrition programme. Nonetheless, supplement use is widespread at all levels of sport. Products described as supplements target different issues, including (1) the management of micronutrient deficiencies, (2) supply of convenient forms of energy and macronutrients, and (3) provision of direct benefits to performance or (4) indirect benefits such as supporting intense training regimens. The appropriate use of some supplements can benefit the athlete, but others may harm the athlete's health, performance, and/or livelihood and reputation (if an antidoping rule violation results). A complete nutritional assessment should be undertaken before decisions regarding supplement use are made. Supplements claiming to directly or indirectly enhance performance are typically the largest group of products marketed to athletes, but only a few (including caffeine, creatine, specific buffering agents and nitrate) have good evidence of benefits. However, responses are affected by the scenario of use and may vary widely between individuals because of factors that include genetics, the microbiome and habitual diet. Supplements intended to enhance performance should be thoroughly trialled in training or simulated competition before being used in competition. Inadvertent ingestion of substances prohibited under the antidoping codes that govern elite sport is a known risk of taking some supplements. Protection of the athlete's health and awareness of the potential for harm must be paramount; expert professional opinion and assistance is strongly advised before an athlete embarks on supplement use.

U2 - 10.1136/bjsports-2018-099027

DO - 10.1136/bjsports-2018-099027

M3 - Article

VL - 52

SP - 439

EP - 455

JO - British Journal of Sports Medicine

JF - British Journal of Sports Medicine

SN - 0306-3674

IS - 7

ER -

Maughan RJ, Burke LM, Dvorak J, Enette Larson-Meyer D, Peeling P, Phillips SM et al. IOC consensus statement: dietary supplements and the high-performance athlete. British Journal of Sports Medicine. 2018 Mar 19;52(7):439-455. https://doi.org/10.1136/bjsports-2018-099027