Investigation of Interoperability between Building Information Modelling (BIM) and Building Energy Simulation (BES)

Shisheng Chen, Ruoyu Jin, Mahmood Alam

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Building Information Modelling (BIM) has become an emerging digital technology in the architecture, engineering and construction (AEC) industry. There is a growing demand on applying BIM for sustainable design including the building energy simulation (BES). Lack of sufficient interoperability has caused barriers to utilize the information from BIM for BES. In this study, the interoperability between BIM and four different BES tools (i.e., Ecotect, EQUEST, Design Builder and IES-VE) was explored by using a case study of a residential building in the design stage. The misrepresented information from BIM to multiple BES tools were identified based on six different categories of building information parameters. The research proposed an approach of creating gbXML file with an improved integrity of information in BIM. Overall, this study would lead to further work in developing platforms for improving the information transformation from BIM to BES.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)137-144
JournalInternational Review of Applied Sciences and Engineering
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 28 Nov 2018

Bibliographical note

This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium for non-commercial purposes, provided the original author and source are credited, a link to the CC License is provided, and changes – if any – are indicated.


  • Building Information Modelling (BIM)
  • building energy simulation (BES)
  • interoperability
  • sustainable design
  • op
  • Green Building XML schema (gbXML)


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