Intermittent sprint performance in the heat is not altered by augmenting thermal perception via L-Menthol or Capsaicin mouth rinses

Oliver Gibson, James Wrightson, Mark Hayes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Purpose. Cooling sensations elicited by mouth rinsing with L-Menthol have been reported as ergogenic. Presently, responses to L-Menthol mouth rinsing during intermittent sprint performance (ISP) in the heat are unknown and the impact of increased thermal perception on ISP via Capsaicin has also not been quantified. This experiment aimed to identify whether eliciting cooling/warming sensations via L-Menthol/Capsaicin would alter ISP in the heat. Method. Fourteen participants [mass=72±9 kg, V̇O2peak=3.30±0.90 L.min-1], undertook four experimental trials, involving 40 min of ISP in hot conditions (40.2±0.6°C, 42±2%R.H.) with mouth rinsing (25 mL, 6 sec) at the protocol onset, and every 10 min thereafter. Cooling (0.01%L-Menthol; MEN), warming (0.2%Capsaicin; CAP), placebo (0.3 sham-CHO; PLA) and control (water; CON) mouth rinses were utilised. Performance was quantified via power (PP) and work done (WD) during sprints. Heart rate (HR), core (Trec) and skin (Tskin) temperature, perceived exertion (RPE), thermal sensation (Tsens) and comfort (Tcom) were measured at 10 min intervals. Sweat rate (WBSR) was calculated from ∆mass. Result. PP reduced over time (P<0.05), however no change was observed between trials for PP or WD (P>0.05). Tcom increased over time and was lower in MEN (2.7±1.1; P<0.05) with no difference between CAP (3.1±1.2), PLA (3.2±1.3) and CON (3.1±1.3). RPE, Tsens HR, Trec, Tskin increased over time (P<0.05) with no between trial differences (P>0.05). Conclusion. Despite improved thermal comfort via L-Menthol, ISP did not improve. Capsaicin did not alter thermal perception or ISP. The reduction in ISP over time in hot conditions is not influenced by thermal perception.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-12
Number of pages12
JournalEuropean Journal of Applied Physiology
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 22 Dec 2018

Bibliographical note

This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.

Keywords

  • Cooling
  • Heat stress
  • Sprint performance
  • Temperature
  • Thermal comfort
  • Thermal sensation
  • Thermal perception

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