The effects of the autonomy and robotic technologies introduced by Industry 4.0 will emerge in the maritime sector in the form of ships that can be remotely operated or autonomously managed. The first steps of this have been taken especially in Scandinavian countries; innovative applications such as Yara Birkeland, MUNIN, Svitzer Hermod, ReVolt etc have been appeared. There are industrial analyzes and scientific studies suggesting that such ships could provide benefits on issues such as cost, risk, cargo capacity and green environment. However, with the use of such unmanned ships, the issue of liabilities for the damages that likely to occur as a result of maritime accidents (despite the legal scope determination efforts of organizations such as IMO and Lloyd's Register) has not yet been fully clarified. The uncertainty in legal responsibilities and the lack of legal infrastructure necessitate finding solutions through the establishment of legal mechanisms against the problems that may arise as a result of technological developments. Specific legal arrangements should be made for various autonomy levels of remotely controlled and autonomous ships, which are included in the concept of unmanned ships. With this study, the current revision studies in the legal regulations regarding unmanned ships are revealed. In addition, it is aimed to identify and present the ideas regarding the legal problems that autonomous ships may create and possible solution approaches by using the literature review method.
|Translated title of the contribution||A Literature Review Based on the Examination of Unmanned Ships From the Maritime Law Perspective|
|Title of host publication||Uluslararası Karadeniz Modern Bilimsel Araştırma Kongresi|
|Publication status||Published - 30 Dec 2022|