The amiloride-inhibitable Na+/H+ antiporter plays an important role in macrophage activation. The intracellular pathways leading to interleukin (IL)-12 p40 production by activated macrophages are incompletely understood. In the present study, we examined the contribution of the Na+/H+ antiporter to the production of IL-12 p40. Amiloride or its analogs decreased the production of IL-12 p40 in macrophages stimulated with bacterial lipopolysaccharide and interferon-γ. The order of potency of amiloride analogs was consistent with the proposition that the effect of amiloride is mediated by the inhibition of the Na+/H+ antiporter. The effect of amiloride was post-transcriptional, as IL-12 p40 mRNA levels induced by lipopolysaccharide and interferon-γ were not affected by this inhibitor. Furthermore, the inhibitory effect of amiloride on IL-12 p40 production was not a result of interference with the activation of the p38 and p42/44 mitogen-activated protein kinases or c-Jun kinase. In summary, the production of IL-12 p40 requires a functional Na+/H+ antiporter.
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) - Molecular Cell Research|
|Publication status||Published - Jun 2001|
- Autoimmune disease
- T helper 1/T helper 2