Influence of Carbonation on the Resistance of Concrete Structures to Chloride Penetration and Corrosion

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Chloride-induced corrosion of steel rebar embedded in concrete is one of the major concerns influencing the durability of reinforced concrete structures. It is widely recognized that the carbonation in concrete affects the chloride diffusivity and accelerates the chloride-induced reinforcement corrosion. However, only very limited studies have dealt with this issue in the literature. The presence of service load related cracks also affects the reinforcement corrosion. This study aims to investigate the potential impact of concrete carbonation on the chloride penetration resistance, and degree of corrosion, in RC structures subjected to service related microcracks.
The experimental programme involves casting of concrete prisms (100 x 100 x 500 mm) with different water-cement ratios (w/c) of 0.4, 0.5 and 0.6 and with four different crack widths (0, 0.05-0.15 mm, 0.15-0.25 mm and 0.25-0.35 mm). These samples were exposed initially to accelerated carbon dioxide (CO2) environment and then exposed to the accelerated chloride environment. Carbonation depth, chloride penetration, and the degree of corrosion (using half-cell) were experimentally measured. The results indicated that (i): The depth of carbonation increases with the increase in crack width and w/c ratio, (ii) chloride penetration depth in concrete structures increases significantly due to the influence of carbonation and (iii) half-cell corrosion potential increases significantly when carbonated concrete samples are exposed to the chloride environment relative to the uncarbonated concrete samples.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationConcrete Solutions - 7th International Conference on Concrete Repair
PublisherEDP Sciences
Number of pages9
Publication statusPublished - 28 Aug 2019
EventConcrete Solutions 7th International Conference on Concrete Repair - Cluj Arena, Cluj Napoca, Romania
Duration: 30 Sept 20192 Oct 2019

Publication series

NameMATEC Web of Conferences
PublisherEDP Sciences
ISSN (Electronic)2261-236X


ConferenceConcrete Solutions 7th International Conference on Concrete Repair
CityCluj Napoca
Internet address

Bibliographical note

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


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