Incidence rate and burden of illness at the Pyeongchang 2018 Paralympic Winter Games

Wayne Derman, Phoebe Runciman, Esme Jordaan, Martin Schwellnus, Cheri Blauwet, Nick Webborn, Jan Lexell, Peter van de Vliet, James Kissick, Jaap Stomphorst, Young-Hee Lee, Keun-Suh Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

To describe the incidence rate (IR) and illness burden (IB) at the Pyeongchang 2018 Paralympic Winter Games. Methods A total of 567 athletes from 49 countries were monitored for 12 days over the Pyeongchang 2018 Games (6804 athlete days). Illness data were obtained daily from teams with (41 teams, 557 athletes) and teams without (8 teams, 10 athletes) their own medical support, through electronic data capturing systems. Results There were 87 illnesses reported, with an illness IR of 12.8 illnesses per 1000 athlete days (95% CI 10.2 to 16.0) and IB of 6.8 days lost per 1000 athlete days (95% CI 3.4 to 13.5). The highest IR was reported for Para snowboard (IR of 19.7 [95% CI 12.0 to 32.2]). Illnesses in the respiratory system (IR of 4.1 [95% CI 2.9 to 5.9]; IB of 1.4 [95% CI 0.6 to 3.0]), skin and subcutaneous system (IR of 2.5 [95% CI 1.5 to 4.1]; IB of 0.6 [95% CI 0.1 to 2.9]), and eye and ocular adnexa (IR of 1.6 [95% CI 0.9 to 3.1]; IB of 0.5 [95% CI 0.1 to 3.3]) were the most common. Conclusion This is the first study to report both the IR and IB in this setting. There was a high IR of illness in the new sport of Para snowboard. The respiratory system had both the highest IR and IB.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1099-1104
Number of pages6
JournalBritish Journal of Sports Medicine
Volume53
Issue number17
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 13 Jan 2019

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Cost of Illness
Athletes
Incidence
Respiratory System
Information Systems
Sports
Skin

Bibliographical note

This article has been accepted for publication in British Journal of Sports Medicine, 2018 following peer review, and the Version of Record can be accessed online at http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/10.1136/bjsports-2018-100096 © The Authors 2018. Reuse of this manuscript version (excluding any databases, tables, diagrams, photographs and other images or illustrative material included where a another copyright owner is identified) is permitted strictly pursuant to the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial 4.0 International (CC-BY-NC 4.0) http://creativecommons.org

Keywords

  • athlete
  • disability
  • illness

Cite this

Derman, Wayne ; Runciman, Phoebe ; Jordaan, Esme ; Schwellnus, Martin ; Blauwet, Cheri ; Webborn, Nick ; Lexell, Jan ; van de Vliet, Peter ; Kissick, James ; Stomphorst, Jaap ; Lee, Young-Hee ; Kim, Keun-Suh. / Incidence rate and burden of illness at the Pyeongchang 2018 Paralympic Winter Games. In: British Journal of Sports Medicine. 2019 ; Vol. 53, No. 17. pp. 1099-1104.
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abstract = "To describe the incidence rate (IR) and illness burden (IB) at the Pyeongchang 2018 Paralympic Winter Games. Methods A total of 567 athletes from 49 countries were monitored for 12 days over the Pyeongchang 2018 Games (6804 athlete days). Illness data were obtained daily from teams with (41 teams, 557 athletes) and teams without (8 teams, 10 athletes) their own medical support, through electronic data capturing systems. Results There were 87 illnesses reported, with an illness IR of 12.8 illnesses per 1000 athlete days (95{\%} CI 10.2 to 16.0) and IB of 6.8 days lost per 1000 athlete days (95{\%} CI 3.4 to 13.5). The highest IR was reported for Para snowboard (IR of 19.7 [95{\%} CI 12.0 to 32.2]). Illnesses in the respiratory system (IR of 4.1 [95{\%} CI 2.9 to 5.9]; IB of 1.4 [95{\%} CI 0.6 to 3.0]), skin and subcutaneous system (IR of 2.5 [95{\%} CI 1.5 to 4.1]; IB of 0.6 [95{\%} CI 0.1 to 2.9]), and eye and ocular adnexa (IR of 1.6 [95{\%} CI 0.9 to 3.1]; IB of 0.5 [95{\%} CI 0.1 to 3.3]) were the most common. Conclusion This is the first study to report both the IR and IB in this setting. There was a high IR of illness in the new sport of Para snowboard. The respiratory system had both the highest IR and IB.",
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note = "This article has been accepted for publication in British Journal of Sports Medicine, 2018 following peer review, and the Version of Record can be accessed online at http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/10.1136/bjsports-2018-100096 {\circledC} The Authors 2018. Reuse of this manuscript version (excluding any databases, tables, diagrams, photographs and other images or illustrative material included where a another copyright owner is identified) is permitted strictly pursuant to the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial 4.0 International (CC-BY-NC 4.0) http://creativecommons.org",
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Derman, W, Runciman, P, Jordaan, E, Schwellnus, M, Blauwet, C, Webborn, N, Lexell, J, van de Vliet, P, Kissick, J, Stomphorst, J, Lee, Y-H & Kim, K-S 2019, 'Incidence rate and burden of illness at the Pyeongchang 2018 Paralympic Winter Games', British Journal of Sports Medicine, vol. 53, no. 17, pp. 1099-1104. https://doi.org/10.1136/bjsports-2018-100096

Incidence rate and burden of illness at the Pyeongchang 2018 Paralympic Winter Games. / Derman, Wayne; Runciman, Phoebe; Jordaan, Esme; Schwellnus, Martin; Blauwet, Cheri; Webborn, Nick; Lexell, Jan; van de Vliet, Peter; Kissick, James; Stomphorst, Jaap; Lee, Young-Hee; Kim, Keun-Suh.

In: British Journal of Sports Medicine, Vol. 53, No. 17, 13.01.2019, p. 1099-1104.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

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T1 - Incidence rate and burden of illness at the Pyeongchang 2018 Paralympic Winter Games

AU - Derman, Wayne

AU - Runciman, Phoebe

AU - Jordaan, Esme

AU - Schwellnus, Martin

AU - Blauwet, Cheri

AU - Webborn, Nick

AU - Lexell, Jan

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AU - Kim, Keun-Suh

N1 - This article has been accepted for publication in British Journal of Sports Medicine, 2018 following peer review, and the Version of Record can be accessed online at http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/10.1136/bjsports-2018-100096 © The Authors 2018. Reuse of this manuscript version (excluding any databases, tables, diagrams, photographs and other images or illustrative material included where a another copyright owner is identified) is permitted strictly pursuant to the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial 4.0 International (CC-BY-NC 4.0) http://creativecommons.org

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N2 - To describe the incidence rate (IR) and illness burden (IB) at the Pyeongchang 2018 Paralympic Winter Games. Methods A total of 567 athletes from 49 countries were monitored for 12 days over the Pyeongchang 2018 Games (6804 athlete days). Illness data were obtained daily from teams with (41 teams, 557 athletes) and teams without (8 teams, 10 athletes) their own medical support, through electronic data capturing systems. Results There were 87 illnesses reported, with an illness IR of 12.8 illnesses per 1000 athlete days (95% CI 10.2 to 16.0) and IB of 6.8 days lost per 1000 athlete days (95% CI 3.4 to 13.5). The highest IR was reported for Para snowboard (IR of 19.7 [95% CI 12.0 to 32.2]). Illnesses in the respiratory system (IR of 4.1 [95% CI 2.9 to 5.9]; IB of 1.4 [95% CI 0.6 to 3.0]), skin and subcutaneous system (IR of 2.5 [95% CI 1.5 to 4.1]; IB of 0.6 [95% CI 0.1 to 2.9]), and eye and ocular adnexa (IR of 1.6 [95% CI 0.9 to 3.1]; IB of 0.5 [95% CI 0.1 to 3.3]) were the most common. Conclusion This is the first study to report both the IR and IB in this setting. There was a high IR of illness in the new sport of Para snowboard. The respiratory system had both the highest IR and IB.

AB - To describe the incidence rate (IR) and illness burden (IB) at the Pyeongchang 2018 Paralympic Winter Games. Methods A total of 567 athletes from 49 countries were monitored for 12 days over the Pyeongchang 2018 Games (6804 athlete days). Illness data were obtained daily from teams with (41 teams, 557 athletes) and teams without (8 teams, 10 athletes) their own medical support, through electronic data capturing systems. Results There were 87 illnesses reported, with an illness IR of 12.8 illnesses per 1000 athlete days (95% CI 10.2 to 16.0) and IB of 6.8 days lost per 1000 athlete days (95% CI 3.4 to 13.5). The highest IR was reported for Para snowboard (IR of 19.7 [95% CI 12.0 to 32.2]). Illnesses in the respiratory system (IR of 4.1 [95% CI 2.9 to 5.9]; IB of 1.4 [95% CI 0.6 to 3.0]), skin and subcutaneous system (IR of 2.5 [95% CI 1.5 to 4.1]; IB of 0.6 [95% CI 0.1 to 2.9]), and eye and ocular adnexa (IR of 1.6 [95% CI 0.9 to 3.1]; IB of 0.5 [95% CI 0.1 to 3.3]) were the most common. Conclusion This is the first study to report both the IR and IB in this setting. There was a high IR of illness in the new sport of Para snowboard. The respiratory system had both the highest IR and IB.

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