Human factors and ergonomics to improve performance in intensive care units during the COVID-19 pandemic

Valentina Della Torre, Flavio E. Nacul, Peter Rosseel, Heather Baid, Kaushik Bhowmick, Piotr Szawarski, Tapas K. Sahoo, Tughan Utku, Adrian Wong, Manu L.N.G. Malbrain

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


    The COVID-19 pandemic has tested the very elements of human factors and ergonomics (HFE) to their maximum. HFE is an established scientific discipline that studies the interrelationship between humans, equipment, and the work environment. HFE includes situation awareness, decision making, communication, team working, leadership, managing stress, and coping with fatigue, empathy, and resilience. The main objective of HF is to optimise the interaction of humans with their work environment and technical equipment in order to maximise patient safety and efficiency of care. This paper reviews the importance of HFE in helping intensivists and all the multidisciplinary ICU teams to deliver high-quality care to patients in crisis situations.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)265-270
    Number of pages6
    JournalAnaesthesiology Intensive Therapy
    Issue number3
    Publication statusPublished - 13 May 2021

    Bibliographical note

    Distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-SA 4.0). License (, allowing third parties to copy and redistribute the material in any medium or format and to remix, transform, and build upon the material, provided the original work is properly cited and states its license.


    • COVID-19
    • pandemic
    • intensive care
    • human factors
    • resilience
    • leadership
    • Leadership
    • Intensive care
    • COViD-19
    • Human factors
    • Pandemic
    • Resilience


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