Heat alleviation strategies for athletic performance

a review and practitioner guidelines

Oliver R. Gibson, Carl James, Jessica Anne Mee, Ashley Willmott, Gareth Turner, Mark Hayes, Neil Maxwell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

International competition inevitably presents logistical challenges for athletes. Events such as the Tokyo 2020 Olympic Games, require further consideration given weather forecasts suggest athletes will experience significant heat stress. Given the expected climate, athletes face major challenges to health and performance. With this in mind, heat alleviation strategies should be a fundamental consideration. This review provides a focused perspective of the relevant literature describing how practitioners can structure male and female athlete preparations for performance in hot, humid conditions. Whilst scientific literature commonly describes experimental work, with a primary focus on maximising magnitudes of adaptive responses, this may sacrifice ecological validity, particularly for athletes whom must balance logistical considerations aligned with integrating environmental preparation around training, tapering and travel plans. Additionally, opportunities for sophisticated interventions may not be possible in the constrained environment of the athlete village or event arenas. This review therefore takes knowledge gained from robust experimental work, interprets it and provides direction on how practitioners/coaches can optimise their athletes’ heat alleviation strategies. This review identifies two distinct heat alleviation themes that should be considered to form an individualised strategy for the athlete to enhance thermoregulatory/performance physiology. First, chronic heat alleviation techniques are outlined, these describe interventions such as heat acclimation, which are implemented pre, during and post-training to prepare for the increased heat stress. Second, acute heat alleviation techniques that are implemented immediately prior to, and sometimes during the event are discussed.
Original languageEnglish
JournalTemperature
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 12 Oct 2019

Fingerprint

Hot Temperature
Physiology
Health

Bibliographical note

© 2019 The Author(s). Published by Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/), which permits non-commercial re-use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited, and is not altered, transformed, or built upon in any way.

Cite this

Gibson, Oliver R. ; James, Carl ; Mee, Jessica Anne ; Willmott, Ashley ; Turner, Gareth ; Hayes, Mark ; Maxwell, Neil. / Heat alleviation strategies for athletic performance : a review and practitioner guidelines. In: Temperature. 2019.
@article{065a54197bd345fc9180f32c8ccdff62,
title = "Heat alleviation strategies for athletic performance: a review and practitioner guidelines",
abstract = "International competition inevitably presents logistical challenges for athletes. Events such as the Tokyo 2020 Olympic Games, require further consideration given weather forecasts suggest athletes will experience significant heat stress. Given the expected climate, athletes face major challenges to health and performance. With this in mind, heat alleviation strategies should be a fundamental consideration. This review provides a focused perspective of the relevant literature describing how practitioners can structure male and female athlete preparations for performance in hot, humid conditions. Whilst scientific literature commonly describes experimental work, with a primary focus on maximising magnitudes of adaptive responses, this may sacrifice ecological validity, particularly for athletes whom must balance logistical considerations aligned with integrating environmental preparation around training, tapering and travel plans. Additionally, opportunities for sophisticated interventions may not be possible in the constrained environment of the athlete village or event arenas. This review therefore takes knowledge gained from robust experimental work, interprets it and provides direction on how practitioners/coaches can optimise their athletes’ heat alleviation strategies. This review identifies two distinct heat alleviation themes that should be considered to form an individualised strategy for the athlete to enhance thermoregulatory/performance physiology. First, chronic heat alleviation techniques are outlined, these describe interventions such as heat acclimation, which are implemented pre, during and post-training to prepare for the increased heat stress. Second, acute heat alleviation techniques that are implemented immediately prior to, and sometimes during the event are discussed.",
author = "Gibson, {Oliver R.} and Carl James and Mee, {Jessica Anne} and Ashley Willmott and Gareth Turner and Mark Hayes and Neil Maxwell",
note = "{\circledC} 2019 The Author(s). Published by Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/), which permits non-commercial re-use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited, and is not altered, transformed, or built upon in any way.",
year = "2019",
month = "10",
day = "12",
doi = "10.1080/23328940.2019.1666624",
language = "English",
journal = "Temperature",
issn = "2332-8959",

}

Heat alleviation strategies for athletic performance : a review and practitioner guidelines. / Gibson, Oliver R.; James, Carl; Mee, Jessica Anne; Willmott, Ashley; Turner, Gareth; Hayes, Mark; Maxwell, Neil.

In: Temperature, 12.10.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Heat alleviation strategies for athletic performance

T2 - a review and practitioner guidelines

AU - Gibson, Oliver R.

AU - James, Carl

AU - Mee, Jessica Anne

AU - Willmott, Ashley

AU - Turner, Gareth

AU - Hayes, Mark

AU - Maxwell, Neil

N1 - © 2019 The Author(s). Published by Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/), which permits non-commercial re-use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited, and is not altered, transformed, or built upon in any way.

PY - 2019/10/12

Y1 - 2019/10/12

N2 - International competition inevitably presents logistical challenges for athletes. Events such as the Tokyo 2020 Olympic Games, require further consideration given weather forecasts suggest athletes will experience significant heat stress. Given the expected climate, athletes face major challenges to health and performance. With this in mind, heat alleviation strategies should be a fundamental consideration. This review provides a focused perspective of the relevant literature describing how practitioners can structure male and female athlete preparations for performance in hot, humid conditions. Whilst scientific literature commonly describes experimental work, with a primary focus on maximising magnitudes of adaptive responses, this may sacrifice ecological validity, particularly for athletes whom must balance logistical considerations aligned with integrating environmental preparation around training, tapering and travel plans. Additionally, opportunities for sophisticated interventions may not be possible in the constrained environment of the athlete village or event arenas. This review therefore takes knowledge gained from robust experimental work, interprets it and provides direction on how practitioners/coaches can optimise their athletes’ heat alleviation strategies. This review identifies two distinct heat alleviation themes that should be considered to form an individualised strategy for the athlete to enhance thermoregulatory/performance physiology. First, chronic heat alleviation techniques are outlined, these describe interventions such as heat acclimation, which are implemented pre, during and post-training to prepare for the increased heat stress. Second, acute heat alleviation techniques that are implemented immediately prior to, and sometimes during the event are discussed.

AB - International competition inevitably presents logistical challenges for athletes. Events such as the Tokyo 2020 Olympic Games, require further consideration given weather forecasts suggest athletes will experience significant heat stress. Given the expected climate, athletes face major challenges to health and performance. With this in mind, heat alleviation strategies should be a fundamental consideration. This review provides a focused perspective of the relevant literature describing how practitioners can structure male and female athlete preparations for performance in hot, humid conditions. Whilst scientific literature commonly describes experimental work, with a primary focus on maximising magnitudes of adaptive responses, this may sacrifice ecological validity, particularly for athletes whom must balance logistical considerations aligned with integrating environmental preparation around training, tapering and travel plans. Additionally, opportunities for sophisticated interventions may not be possible in the constrained environment of the athlete village or event arenas. This review therefore takes knowledge gained from robust experimental work, interprets it and provides direction on how practitioners/coaches can optimise their athletes’ heat alleviation strategies. This review identifies two distinct heat alleviation themes that should be considered to form an individualised strategy for the athlete to enhance thermoregulatory/performance physiology. First, chronic heat alleviation techniques are outlined, these describe interventions such as heat acclimation, which are implemented pre, during and post-training to prepare for the increased heat stress. Second, acute heat alleviation techniques that are implemented immediately prior to, and sometimes during the event are discussed.

U2 - 10.1080/23328940.2019.1666624

DO - 10.1080/23328940.2019.1666624

M3 - Article

JO - Temperature

JF - Temperature

SN - 2332-8959

ER -