Goal-oriented requirements engineering: an extended systematic mapping study

J. Horkoff, F.B. Aydemir, E. Cardoso, T. Li, A. Maté, E. Paja, M. Salnitri, L. Piras, J. Mylopoulos, P. Giorgini

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


    Over the last two decades, much attention has been paid to the area of goal-oriented requirements engineering (GORE), where goals are used as a useful conceptualization to elicit, model, and analyze requirements, capturing alternatives and conflicts. Goal modeling has been adapted and applied to many sub-topics within requirements engineering (RE) and beyond, such as agent orientation, aspect orientation, business intelligence, model-driven development, and security. Despite extensive efforts in this field, the RE community lacks a recent, general systematic literature review of the area. In this work, we present a systematic mapping study, covering the 246 top-cited GORE-related conference and journal papers, according to Scopus. Our literature map addresses several research questions: we classify the types of papers (e.g., proposals, formalizations, meta-studies), look at the presence of evaluation, the topics covered (e.g., security, agents, scenarios), frameworks used, venues, citations, author networks, and overall publication numbers. For most questions, we evaluate trends over time. Our findings show a proliferation of papers with new ideas and few citations, with a small number of authors and papers dominating citations; however, there is a slight rise in papers which build upon past work (implementations, integrations, and extensions). We see a rise in papers concerning adaptation/variability/evolution and a slight rise in case studies. Overall, interest in GORE has increased. We use our analysis results to make recommendations concerning future GORE research and make our data publicly available.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)133-160
    Number of pages28
    JournalRequirements Engineering
    Issue number2
    Publication statusPublished - 14 Sept 2017

    Bibliographical note

    This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.


    • Goal model
    • Goal-oriented requirements engineering
    • GORE
    • Systematic mapping study


    Dive into the research topics of 'Goal-oriented requirements engineering: an extended systematic mapping study'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

    Cite this