Gender role orientation, thinking style preference and facets of adult paranormality: A mediation analysis

Paul Rogers, Michael Hattersley, Christopher C. French

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This study examines the extent to which masculine and feminine gender role orientations predict self-reported anomalous experiences, belief, ability and fear once relevant correlates including biological sex are controlled for. The extent to which rational versus intuitive thinking style preference mediates these relationships is also examined. Path analysis (n = 332) found heightened femininity directly predicts stronger intuitive preference plus more anomalous experiences, belief and fear with, additionally, intuitive preference mediating several gender role-paranormality relationships. By comparison, heightened masculinity directly predicts both thinking styles plus lower anomalous fear. The latter relationship is also shaped by the nature of mediators with (a) more anomalous experiences and belief associated with more anomalous fear and (b) either heightened rationality else more anomalous ability linked to, conversely, less anomalous fear. The extent to which findings support a gender (or social) role account of adult paranormality, together with methodological limitations and ideas for future research, is discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Article number102821
Number of pages23
JournalConsciousness and Cognition
Publication statusPublished - 4 Oct 2019

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2019 Elsevier Inc.


  • Anomalous
  • Dual process
  • Gender role
  • Intuition
  • Paranormal
  • Thinking style


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