This chapter explores the normal anatomy of the intravascular, interstitial, and intercellular fluid compartments, the mechanism of normal fluid homeostasis and compensatory mechanisms. The common causes of fluid deficit and fluid excess are highlighted alongside the role of fluid assessment and replacement using intravenous therapy using fluids or blood products. This also discussed with reference to the nurse’s role in evaluating fluid status. Finally, there is also a useful section on the metabolic emergencies of diabetic ketoacidosis and hyperglycaemic hyperosmolar syndrome.
|Title of host publication||Care of the Acutely Ill Adult|
|Subtitle of host publication||An Essential Guide for Nurses|
|Editors||Fiona Creed, Christine Spiers|
|Place of Publication||Oxford|
|Publisher||Oxford University Press|
|Publication status||Published - 8 Oct 2020|