Fe–Ti(–V) oxide deposits of the Kunene anorthosite complex (SW Angola): Mineralogy and thermo-oxybarometry

Cristina Villanova-de-Benavent, Lisard Torró, Montgarri Castillo-Oliver, Marc Campeny, Joan Carles Melgarejo, Xavier Llovet, Salvador Galí, Antonio Olimpio Gonçalves

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

The Kunene Intrusive Complex (KIC), in NW Namibia and SW Angola, is one of the largest Proterozoic anorthosite massif-type exposures in the world. A geochemical, mineralogical and petrological study of four Fe–Ti(–V) oxide bodies located in the understudied Angolan part of the KIC has been performed. The massive Fe–Ti(–V) oxide bodies, locally apatite-rich (nelsonites), are lenticular or dike-like. They consist mostly of titaniferous magnetite, ilmenite and minor aluminous spinel, apatite, olivine and graphite. Titaniferous magnetite displays a wide variety of subsolvus features, including aluminous spinel–magnetite–ulvöspinel exsolutions and ilmenite (Trellis) exsolutions. This work estimated the composition of the titaniferous magnetite prior to the exsolution, in order to calculate the temperature and oxygen fugacity of the different lithologies of each ore body. The thermo-oxybarometry results obtained range from 600 C to 820 C and f O2 from 10−24.7 to 10−14.7. These values do not correspond to magmatic crystallization in equilibrium, but to a later re-equilibration. In addition, the mineralogical and geochemical results indicate that the studied ore bodies contain economic reserves of Ti, V, and possibly of P and REE.

Original languageEnglish
Article number246
JournalMinerals
Volume7
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 14 Dec 2017

Fingerprint

Mineralogy
anorthosite
exsolution
Magnetite
Ilmenite
magnetite
mineralogy
Deposits
Apatite
oxide
ore body
ilmenite
Ores
apatite
Oxides
Olivine
Levees
Lithology
fugacity
graphite

Keywords

  • Exsolution
  • Fe-Ti oxide thermometry
  • Ilmenite
  • Massif-type anorthosite
  • Nelsonite
  • Titaniferous magnetite

Cite this

Villanova-de-Benavent, C., Torró, L., Castillo-Oliver, M., Campeny, M., Melgarejo, J. C., Llovet, X., ... Gonçalves, A. O. (2017). Fe–Ti(–V) oxide deposits of the Kunene anorthosite complex (SW Angola): Mineralogy and thermo-oxybarometry. Minerals, 7(12), [246]. https://doi.org/10.3390/min7120246
Villanova-de-Benavent, Cristina ; Torró, Lisard ; Castillo-Oliver, Montgarri ; Campeny, Marc ; Melgarejo, Joan Carles ; Llovet, Xavier ; Galí, Salvador ; Gonçalves, Antonio Olimpio. / Fe–Ti(–V) oxide deposits of the Kunene anorthosite complex (SW Angola) : Mineralogy and thermo-oxybarometry. In: Minerals. 2017 ; Vol. 7, No. 12.
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Villanova-de-Benavent, C, Torró, L, Castillo-Oliver, M, Campeny, M, Melgarejo, JC, Llovet, X, Galí, S & Gonçalves, AO 2017, 'Fe–Ti(–V) oxide deposits of the Kunene anorthosite complex (SW Angola): Mineralogy and thermo-oxybarometry' Minerals, vol. 7, no. 12, 246. https://doi.org/10.3390/min7120246

Fe–Ti(–V) oxide deposits of the Kunene anorthosite complex (SW Angola) : Mineralogy and thermo-oxybarometry. / Villanova-de-Benavent, Cristina; Torró, Lisard; Castillo-Oliver, Montgarri; Campeny, Marc; Melgarejo, Joan Carles; Llovet, Xavier; Galí, Salvador; Gonçalves, Antonio Olimpio.

In: Minerals, Vol. 7, No. 12, 246, 14.12.2017.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

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T1 - Fe–Ti(–V) oxide deposits of the Kunene anorthosite complex (SW Angola)

T2 - Minerals

AU - Villanova-de-Benavent, Cristina

AU - Torró, Lisard

AU - Castillo-Oliver, Montgarri

AU - Campeny, Marc

AU - Melgarejo, Joan Carles

AU - Llovet, Xavier

AU - Galí, Salvador

AU - Gonçalves, Antonio Olimpio

PY - 2017/12/14

Y1 - 2017/12/14

N2 - The Kunene Intrusive Complex (KIC), in NW Namibia and SW Angola, is one of the largest Proterozoic anorthosite massif-type exposures in the world. A geochemical, mineralogical and petrological study of four Fe–Ti(–V) oxide bodies located in the understudied Angolan part of the KIC has been performed. The massive Fe–Ti(–V) oxide bodies, locally apatite-rich (nelsonites), are lenticular or dike-like. They consist mostly of titaniferous magnetite, ilmenite and minor aluminous spinel, apatite, olivine and graphite. Titaniferous magnetite displays a wide variety of subsolvus features, including aluminous spinel–magnetite–ulvöspinel exsolutions and ilmenite (Trellis) exsolutions. This work estimated the composition of the titaniferous magnetite prior to the exsolution, in order to calculate the temperature and oxygen fugacity of the different lithologies of each ore body. The thermo-oxybarometry results obtained range from 600◦ C to 820◦ C and f O2 from 10−24.7 to 10−14.7. These values do not correspond to magmatic crystallization in equilibrium, but to a later re-equilibration. In addition, the mineralogical and geochemical results indicate that the studied ore bodies contain economic reserves of Ti, V, and possibly of P and REE.

AB - The Kunene Intrusive Complex (KIC), in NW Namibia and SW Angola, is one of the largest Proterozoic anorthosite massif-type exposures in the world. A geochemical, mineralogical and petrological study of four Fe–Ti(–V) oxide bodies located in the understudied Angolan part of the KIC has been performed. The massive Fe–Ti(–V) oxide bodies, locally apatite-rich (nelsonites), are lenticular or dike-like. They consist mostly of titaniferous magnetite, ilmenite and minor aluminous spinel, apatite, olivine and graphite. Titaniferous magnetite displays a wide variety of subsolvus features, including aluminous spinel–magnetite–ulvöspinel exsolutions and ilmenite (Trellis) exsolutions. This work estimated the composition of the titaniferous magnetite prior to the exsolution, in order to calculate the temperature and oxygen fugacity of the different lithologies of each ore body. The thermo-oxybarometry results obtained range from 600◦ C to 820◦ C and f O2 from 10−24.7 to 10−14.7. These values do not correspond to magmatic crystallization in equilibrium, but to a later re-equilibration. In addition, the mineralogical and geochemical results indicate that the studied ore bodies contain economic reserves of Ti, V, and possibly of P and REE.

KW - Exsolution

KW - Fe-Ti oxide thermometry

KW - Ilmenite

KW - Massif-type anorthosite

KW - Nelsonite

KW - Titaniferous magnetite

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Villanova-de-Benavent C, Torró L, Castillo-Oliver M, Campeny M, Melgarejo JC, Llovet X et al. Fe–Ti(–V) oxide deposits of the Kunene anorthosite complex (SW Angola): Mineralogy and thermo-oxybarometry. Minerals. 2017 Dec 14;7(12). 246. https://doi.org/10.3390/min7120246