Exploring relationships between Lean 4.0 and manufacturing industry

Mohd Javaid, Abid Haleem, Ravi Pratap Singh, Shanay Rab Shanay Rab, Rajiv Suman, Shahbaz Khan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Purpose: Over the past few decades, lean manufacturing has focussed on being customer-centred and now Lean 4.0 technologies have made it possible for manufacturers to have a deeper view of waste reduction. Technologies such as the internet of things, artificial intelligence, three-dimensional printing, robotics, real-time data, cloud computing, predictive analytics and augmented reality, are helpful to achieve Lean 4.0. This study aims to develop the conceptual understanding of Lean 4.0, related tools and linkage with Industry 4.0. Further, it provides the strategies for implementing Lean 4.0, developing lean culture and highlights the Lean 4.0 application in the manufacturing context. Design/methodology/approach: This study relates to Lean 4.0 and its technologies. Prominent research is identified through Scopus, Web of Science, ScienceDirect and Google Scholar and studied as per the objective of this study. This lean revolution provides customers desire for personalisation, connectedness, high-quality and valuable products. Lean 4.0 provides valuable information on the value chain and production process. This revolution has significantly impacted refining production processes for a greater level of adaptability and cost reduction. Findings: This paper is brief about Lean 4.0 and its capabilities for the reduction of waste. The authors discussed different tools used in Lean 4.0 and its relationship with Industry 4.0. The classical strategies and progressive features of Lean 4.0 for overall enhancing the manufacturing sphere are discussed diagrammatically. Finally, it identified and discussed 14 significant applications of Lean 4.0 for manufacturing industries. Originality/value: This study provides a comprehensive understanding of Lean 4.0 and related tools and strategies that help the upcoming manufacturing industries.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)402-414
Number of pages13
JournalIndustrial Robot
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 21 Apr 2022

Bibliographical note

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© 2021, Emerald Publishing Limited.


  • Industry 4.0
  • Internet of things (IoT) Manufacturing
  • Lean 4.0
  • Technologies
  • Waste reduction


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