Exercise is required for visceral fat loss in postmenopausal momen with type 2 diabetes

Ifigenia Giannopoulou, L.L. Ploutz-Snyder, R. Carhart Jr, Ruth Weinstock, Styliani Goulopoulou, J.A. Kanaley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

This study examined the effects of aerobic exercise without weight loss, a hypocaloric high monounsaturated fat diet, and diet plus exercise (D+E) on total abdominal and visceral fat loss in obese postmenopausal women with type 2 diabetes. Thirty-three postmenopausal women (body mass index, 34.6 ± 1.9 kg/m2) were assigned to one of three interventions: a hypocaloric high monounsaturated fat diet alone, exercise alone (EX), and D+E for 14 wk. Aerobic capacity, body composition, abdominal fat distribution (magnetic resonance imaging), glucose tolerance, and insulin sensitivity were measured pre- and postintervention. Body weight (4.5 kg) and percent body fat (5%) were decreased (P< 0.05) with the D and D+E intervention, whereas only percent body fat (2.3%) decreased with EX. Total abdominal fat and sc adipose tissue (SAT) were reduced with the D and D+E interventions (P< 0.05), whereas visceral adipose tissue (VAT) decreased with the D+E and EX intervention, but not with the D intervention. EX resulted in a reduction in total abdominal fat, VAT, and SAT (P< 0.05) despite the lack of weight loss. The reductions in total abdominal fat and SAT explained 32.7% and 9.7%, respectively, of the variability in the changes in fasting glucose levels, whereas the reductions in VAT explained 15.9% of the changes in fasting insulin levels (P< 0.05). In conclusion, modest weight loss, through either D or D+E, resulted in similar improvements in total abdominal fat, SAT, and glycemic status in postmenopausal women with type 2 diabetes; however, the addition of exercise to diet is necessary for VAT loss. These data demonstrate the importance of exercise in the treatment of women with type 2 diabetes.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1511-1518
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism
Volume90
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2005

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