Evaporation of water/ethanol droplets in an air flow: experimental study and modelling

Elena Starinskaya, Nikolay Miskiv, Alexander Nazarov, Vladimir Terekhov, Victor Terekhov, Oyuna Rybdylova, Sergei Sazhin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The paper focuses on experimental investigation and modelling of the evaporation of supported ethanol/water droplets in an air flow. The modelling is based on the effective thermal conductivity/effective diffusivity model, using the analytical solutions to the transient heat transfer and species diffusion equations in droplets at each time step. The contribution of the supporting thread is included in the model. Model predictions are shown to be compatible with experimental data. For all mass fractions of ethanol, droplet surface temperatures rapidly decrease initially. This is followed by an increase in this temperature for non-zero mass fractions of ethanol in the mixture. For pure water this temperature remains almost constant after an initial decrease. In all cases, droplet diameters to power 1.5 decrease almost linearly with time. This agrees with model predictions in the limit for large droplet Reynolds numbers.
Original languageEnglish
Article number121502
Pages (from-to)1-7
Number of pages7
JournalInternational Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer
Publication statusPublished - 13 Jun 2021

Bibliographical note

Funding Information: Work on this paper was supported by the Russian Foundation for Basic Research (RFBR) (Grant no. 20-58-10003KO_a ) (contributions by E.M. Starinskaya, N.B. Miskiv, A.D. Nazarov, V.V. Terekhov, and V.I. Terekhov), the Royal Society (UK) (Grant no. IEC 192007) (contributions by O. Rybdylova and S.S. Sazhin), and the EPSRC (Grant no. MR/T043326/1 ) (contribution by O. Rybdylova).


  • Droplets
  • Effect of support
  • Ethanol-water solution
  • Evaporation
  • Forced convection


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