Evaluating Visualizations of Sets and Networks that Use Euler Diagrams and Graphs

Almas Baimagambetov, Gem Stapleton, Andrew Blake, John Howse

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceeding with ISSN or ISBNConference contribution with ISSN or ISBNpeer-review


    This paper presents an empirical evaluation of state-of-the-art visualization techniques that combine Euler diagrams and graphs to visualize sets and networks. Focusing on SetNet, Bubble Sets and WebCola – techniques for which there is freely available software – our evaluation reveals that they can inaccurately and ineffectively visualize the data. Inaccuracies include placing vertices in incorrect zones, thus incorrectly conveying the sets in which the represented data items lie. Ineffective properties, which are known to hinder cognition, include drawing Euler diagrams with extra zones or graphs with large numbers of edge crossings. The results demonstrate the need for improved techniques that are more accurate and more effective for end users.

    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationDiagrammatic Representation and Inference - 11th International Conference, Diagrams 2020, Proceedings
    EditorsAhti-Veikko Pietarinen, Peter Chapman, Leonie Bosveld-de Smet, Valeria Giardino, James Corter, Sven Linker
    Number of pages9
    ISBN (Print)9783030542481
    Publication statusPublished - 17 Aug 2020

    Publication series

    NameLecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics)
    Volume12169 LNAI
    ISSN (Print)0302-9743
    ISSN (Electronic)1611-3349

    Bibliographical note

    The final authenticated version is available online at https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-54249-8_25


    • Euler diagrams
    • Graphs
    • Networks
    • Sets
    • Visualization


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