### Abstract

Original language | English |
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Title of host publication | Proceedings of the 8th International Conference, Diagrams 2014 |

Place of Publication | Germany |

Publisher | Springer |

Pages | 108-122 |

Number of pages | 15 |

Volume | 8578 |

ISBN (Electronic) | 9783662440438 |

ISBN (Print) | 9783662440438 |

Publication status | Published - 1 Jan 2014 |

Event | Diagrams 2014 - Melbourne, Australia, 28 July - 1 August 2014 Duration: 1 Jan 2014 → … |

### Publication series

Name | Lecture Notes in Computer Science |
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### Conference

Conference | Diagrams 2014 |
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Period | 1/01/14 → … |

### Fingerprint

### Keywords

- Euler diagrams
- clutter
- diagram comprehension

### Cite this

*Proceedings of the 8th International Conference, Diagrams 2014*(Vol. 8578, pp. 108-122). (Lecture Notes in Computer Science). Germany: Springer.

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*Proceedings of the 8th International Conference, Diagrams 2014.*vol. 8578, Lecture Notes in Computer Science, Springer, Germany, pp. 108-122, Diagrams 2014, 1/01/14.

**Evaluating the impact of clutter in Euler diagrams.** / Alqadah, Mohanad; Stapleton, Gem; Howse, John; Chapman, Peter.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceeding with ISSN or ISBN › Conference contribution with ISSN or ISBN

TY - GEN

T1 - Evaluating the impact of clutter in Euler diagrams

AU - Alqadah, Mohanad

AU - Stapleton, Gem

AU - Howse, John

AU - Chapman, Peter

PY - 2014/1/1

Y1 - 2014/1/1

N2 - Euler diagrams, used to visualize data and as a basis for visual languages, are an effective representation of information, but they can become cluttered. Previous research established a measure of Euler diagram clutter, empirically shown to correspond with how people perceive clutter. However, the impact of clutter on user understanding is unknown. An empirical study was executed with three levels of diagram clutter. We found a significant effect: increased diagram clutter leads to significantly worse performance, measured by time and error rates. In addition, we found a significant effect of zone (a region in the diagram) clutter on time and error rates. Surprisingly, the zones with a middle level of clutter had the highest error rate compared to the zones with lowest and the highest clutter. Also, the questions whose answers were placed in zones with medium clutter had the highest mean time taken to answer questions. In conclusion, both diagram clutter and zone clutter impact the interpretation of Euler diagrams. Consequently, future work will establish whether a single, but cluttered, Euler diagram is a more effective representation of information than multiple, but less cluttered, Euler diagrams.

AB - Euler diagrams, used to visualize data and as a basis for visual languages, are an effective representation of information, but they can become cluttered. Previous research established a measure of Euler diagram clutter, empirically shown to correspond with how people perceive clutter. However, the impact of clutter on user understanding is unknown. An empirical study was executed with three levels of diagram clutter. We found a significant effect: increased diagram clutter leads to significantly worse performance, measured by time and error rates. In addition, we found a significant effect of zone (a region in the diagram) clutter on time and error rates. Surprisingly, the zones with a middle level of clutter had the highest error rate compared to the zones with lowest and the highest clutter. Also, the questions whose answers were placed in zones with medium clutter had the highest mean time taken to answer questions. In conclusion, both diagram clutter and zone clutter impact the interpretation of Euler diagrams. Consequently, future work will establish whether a single, but cluttered, Euler diagram is a more effective representation of information than multiple, but less cluttered, Euler diagrams.

KW - Euler diagrams

KW - clutter

KW - diagram comprehension

M3 - Conference contribution with ISSN or ISBN

SN - 9783662440438

VL - 8578

T3 - Lecture Notes in Computer Science

SP - 108

EP - 122

BT - Proceedings of the 8th International Conference, Diagrams 2014

PB - Springer

CY - Germany

ER -