Effect of Indoor Environmental Quality on Visual Comfort and Productivity in Office Buildings

Amit Kaushik, Mohammed Arif, John Ebohon, Hord Arsalan, Mohammed Rana, Lovelin Obi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Purpose: The Purpose of this paper is to identify statistical relationships between visual environment and occupant productivity. Visual environment is one of the most important indoor environmental quality (IEQ) parameters, and it directly impacts occupant productivity in offices. The literature outlines the significance of the impact. Still, there is a lack of investigation, statistical analysis and inter-relationships between the independent variables (IEQ factors), especially in the hot and arid climate. Design/methodology/approach: This study presents a research study investigating the effects and shows statistical relationships between IEQ on occupant comfort and productivity. The study was conducted in the Middle East, and data was collected for 12 months. It used the response surface analysis to perform analysis. Findings: This study outlined seven unique relationships highlighting the recommended range, inter-dependencies. Results include that illumination has maximum effect on visual comfort and temperature, daylight having direct influence and relative humidity, wall type next to the seat and kind of workspace also impact visual comfort and productivity. These findings would help to improve occupant comfort and productivity in office buildings. It is recommended to include results and recommendations on design guidelines for office buildings. Originality/value: This study presents the unique effects of non-visual IEQ parameters on visual comfort and productivity. This investigation also provides a unique method to develop the statistical relationship between various indoor environmental factors and productivity in different contexts and buildings.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Engineering Design and Technology
Publication statusPublished - 15 Nov 2021


  • Indoor environmental quality
  • Occupant productivity
  • Office building
  • Response surface analysis
  • Visual comfort


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