Due to the Covid-19 pandemic there is an acceleration of the digital transformation of many aspects of life, including how we socialise, how we shop and how we teach and learn. The impact of these changes are complex and may be far reaching. One area where interactive teaching and learning is changing rapidly is in universities, where the pandemic has increased use of many online processes. Universities are institutions with a long and varied history. They have repeatedly had to change what they do and how they do it to accommodate the times in which they operate. These changes can be reviewed on the scale of centuries, such as the gradual move away from Latin as the core curriculum for student’s vocational studies. They can be viewed on the scale of a few decades, for example how universities have offered far wider access to higher education which has occurred in many economies at the same time as increases in fees, which has resulted in high levels of student debt. For many universities the months that have followed the outbreak of Covid-19 have been a time of rapid transition towards them becoming online universities. This is part of a longer-term trend towards increased use of interactive learning environments in education and training, and part of the broader digital transformations occurring across the economy in many societies. But let us here focus on the widespread and rapid transition due to the impact of Covid-19 in order to consider how fully universities can function as they move much of their work online.