Dietary habits of female urban slum-dwellers in Mumbai

H. Chopra, P. Chheda, S. Kehoe, V. Tasker, N. Brown, D. Shivashankaran, G. Subbulakshmi, S. Rao, M. Gandhi, P. Muley-Lotankar, R.D. Potdar, B. Margetts, C.H. Fall

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


RESEARCH QUESTION: Intakes of micronutrient-rich foods are low among women of child-bearing age living in slums. We investigated relationships between consumption of these foods and socio-demographic variables.

METHODOLOGY: A 91-item Food Frequency Questionnaire was administered to women (n=1651) aged 16-40 yrs living in a Mumbai slum. We identified associations between categorical demographic variables and consumption frequency of these foods using chi-square tests. Associations with age and body mass index were investigated using one-way ANOVAs.

RESULTS: A quarter of women ate fruit and green leafy vegetables < 3 times per week, Apart from in tea, median consumption of milk and milk products was < twice a week, 16 % never consumed vegetarian foods. Median consumption of non-vegetarian foods was 4.5 times per week. Women employed in unskilled jobs and those whose husbands had skilled occupations ate green leafy vegetables more frequently. Participants educated to tertiary level consumed fruit and milk most frequently (p<0.05).
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-13
Number of pages13
JournalIndian Journal of Maternal and Child Health
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2012


  • diet
  • fruit
  • milk
  • green leafy vegetable
  • India
  • slum


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