Developing and validating a competency framework for advanced pharmacy practice

Naomi Meadows, David Webb, Duncan McRobbie, Sotiris Antoniou, Ian Bates, Graham Davies

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Aim. To develop and validate an advanced practice competency framework. Design. Literature review and expert panel discussions. Subjects and setting. Consensus panel membership drawn from across the NHS. Framework mapped against the practice of leading-edge practitioners drawn from primary care and national clinical pharmacy groups. Results. From a literature review 34 competencies were identified and grouped into 6 competency domains. Consensus development panels validated the descriptor terms used to define competency at "foundation", "excellence", or "mastery" level practice. 28 (of the 35 surveyed) practitioners mapped their practice using the framework. The majority indicated that their practice was at "mastery" for the "expert practice" and "building relationships" clusters, although a broader level of activity was reported for the other four clusters. Conclusions. This study developed an evidence-based advanced practice competency framework, grounded in the multi-disciplinary literature and validated by expert opinion. This provides a map of the key generic skills, knowledge and attributes required by individuals practising at this higher level. The competencies and descriptors developed by this research could be used as a template for the development of consultant pharmacists.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)789-792
Number of pages4
JournalPharmaceutical journal
Issue number7327
Publication statusPublished - 27 Nov 2004

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