Developing a VR Research Instrument for Participatory Design of Educational Spaces

Poorang Piroozfar, Imran Farooqi, Simon Boseley, Alex Judd, Eric R.P. Farr

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceeding with ISSN or ISBNChapterpeer-review


Virtual Reality has a proven track record of benefits in the AEC industry. Participation of end-users in the design process has been advocated as a means to improve spatial quality in design. There is limited evidence of application of VR to promote design participation. This becomes even more important when the end-users of space are from different backgrounds. Design of educational spaces is challenging and demanding due to a multitude of reasons. This makes participation of higher importance in the design of such spaces. Traditionally paper-based methods have been used to facilitate participatory design of educational spaces. However, with the fast pace of migration to virtual environment solutions, VR applications seem to be a viable solution. Despite this, there is limited evidence of previous research in this area. This paper uses games engines to develop a virtual interaction environment to facilitate participation in design of educational spaces. A critical review of literature was used to set the boundaries of this research, interrogate the principles of participatory design, define a set of variables, and investigate the areas where VR can be applied as well as design features and aspects which can be comprised in participatory design of educational spaces. To enrich the scops and application of the knowledge claim of this research, the last section was also investigated through primary data collected from an expert survey conducted with school teachers. The development of the VR experiment is explained in this paper which will be verified as a part of future research. This will help close the loop on User Experience (UX) research process which has been utilized in this study.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 12th International Conference on Construction in the 21st Century (CITC 12)
EditorsSyed M. Ahmed, Salman Azhar, Amelia D. Saul, Kelly L. Mahaffy
Number of pages8
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2022
Event12th International Conference on Construction in the 21st Century - Amman, Jordan
Duration: 16 May 202219 May 2022


Conference12th International Conference on Construction in the 21st Century
Abbreviated titleCITC 12
Internet address


  • Virtual Reality
  • Participatory Design
  • Design Collaboration
  • Educational Spaces
  • Classroom Design


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