Designing frames: The use of precedents in parliamentary debate

Darren Umney, Peter Lloyd

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Using the naturally-occurring data of official UK Parliamentary transcripts for the development of a new high speed rail project, this paper takes one characteristic of the design process, the use of precedent, to explore how problems and solutions are framed during discussion. In contrast to accounts of reframing that describe one big insight changing the design process we show how one particular precedent allows a series of attempts at reframing to take place in discussion. We conclude by arguing that precedents enable adiffusionof semi-objective meaning in discussion, similar to a prototype in a more conventional design process. This contrasts with other types of discourse elements, such as storytelling, that function through the subjectiveaccumulationof meaning.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)201-218
Number of pages18
JournalDesign Studies
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2017

Bibliographical note

© 2017. This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license


  • design process
  • design precedents
  • framing
  • discourse analysis
  • legislation


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