Comparison of nutrient intake in adolescents and adults with and without food allergies

Kate Maslin, Carina Venter, Heather Mackenzie, Berber Vlieg-Boerstra, Taraneh Dean, Isolde Sommer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Background: Exclusion diets for the management of food allergy pose a risk of nutritional deficiencies and inadequate growth in children, yet less is known about their effect in adolescents and adults. The aim of this study was to compare the dietary intake of adolescents and adults with food allergies to a control group.
Methodology: A food allergic and a control group were recruited from Portsmouth and the Isle of Wight in the United Kingdom. Participants were recruited from a food allergy charity, allergy clinics, a local school and university, and previous research studies. Macro and micronutrient intake data were obtained using a 4-day estimated food diary. Sociodemographic and anthropometric data was collected via a constructed questionnaire.
Results: This cross-sectional study included 81 adolescents (48 food allergic and 33 controls) aged 11-18y and 70 adults aged 19-65y (23 food allergic and 47 controls). Overall 19 (22.8%) adolescents and 19 (27.1%) adults took dietary supplements, with no difference according to food allergic status. Adolescents with food allergy had higher intakes of niacin and selenium than adolescents without (p<0.05). This difference persisted when dietary supplements were removed from the analysis. Adults with food allergies had higher intakes of folate and zinc than those without (p < 0.05), however this was not observed when dietary supplements were removed from the analysis. Across all participants, the intake of several micronutrients was suboptimal. There was no difference in protein or calorie intake, or body mass index, according to food allergic status.
Conclusions: The dietary intake of food allergic participants was broadly similar and in some cases better than that of control participants. However suboptimal intakes of several micronutrients were observed across all participants, suggesting poor food choices.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)209-217
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics
Volume31
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 13 Jul 2017

Fingerprint

Food Hypersensitivity
Food
Micronutrients
Dietary Supplements
Charities
Diet Records
Control Groups
Niacin
Selenium
Folic Acid
Malnutrition
Zinc
Hypersensitivity
Body Mass Index
Cross-Sectional Studies
Eating
Diet
Growth
Research
Proteins

Bibliographical note

This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Maslin K., Venter C., MacKenzie H., Vlieg‐Boerstra B., Dean T. & Sommer I. (2018) Comparison of nutrient intake in adolescents and adults with and without food allergies. J Hum Nutr Diet. 31, 209–217, which has been published in final form at https://doi.org/10.1111/jhn.12495. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Use of Self-Archived Versions.

Keywords

  • food allergies
  • nutrient intake
  • children

Cite this

Maslin, Kate ; Venter, Carina ; Mackenzie, Heather ; Vlieg-Boerstra, Berber ; Dean, Taraneh ; Sommer, Isolde. / Comparison of nutrient intake in adolescents and adults with and without food allergies. In: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics. 2017 ; Vol. 31, No. 2. pp. 209-217.
@article{e0e59d66cc514bfea586c7b9a3c7d7a9,
title = "Comparison of nutrient intake in adolescents and adults with and without food allergies",
abstract = "Background: Exclusion diets for the management of food allergy pose a risk of nutritional deficiencies and inadequate growth in children, yet less is known about their effect in adolescents and adults. The aim of this study was to compare the dietary intake of adolescents and adults with food allergies to a control group.Methodology: A food allergic and a control group were recruited from Portsmouth and the Isle of Wight in the United Kingdom. Participants were recruited from a food allergy charity, allergy clinics, a local school and university, and previous research studies. Macro and micronutrient intake data were obtained using a 4-day estimated food diary. Sociodemographic and anthropometric data was collected via a constructed questionnaire.Results: This cross-sectional study included 81 adolescents (48 food allergic and 33 controls) aged 11-18y and 70 adults aged 19-65y (23 food allergic and 47 controls). Overall 19 (22.8{\%}) adolescents and 19 (27.1{\%}) adults took dietary supplements, with no difference according to food allergic status. Adolescents with food allergy had higher intakes of niacin and selenium than adolescents without (p<0.05). This difference persisted when dietary supplements were removed from the analysis. Adults with food allergies had higher intakes of folate and zinc than those without (p < 0.05), however this was not observed when dietary supplements were removed from the analysis. Across all participants, the intake of several micronutrients was suboptimal. There was no difference in protein or calorie intake, or body mass index, according to food allergic status.Conclusions: The dietary intake of food allergic participants was broadly similar and in some cases better than that of control participants. However suboptimal intakes of several micronutrients were observed across all participants, suggesting poor food choices.",
keywords = "food allergies, nutrient intake, children",
author = "Kate Maslin and Carina Venter and Heather Mackenzie and Berber Vlieg-Boerstra and Taraneh Dean and Isolde Sommer",
note = "This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Maslin K., Venter C., MacKenzie H., Vlieg‐Boerstra B., Dean T. & Sommer I. (2018) Comparison of nutrient intake in adolescents and adults with and without food allergies. J Hum Nutr Diet. 31, 209–217, which has been published in final form at https://doi.org/10.1111/jhn.12495. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Use of Self-Archived Versions.",
year = "2017",
month = "7",
day = "13",
doi = "10.1111/jhn.12495",
language = "English",
volume = "31",
pages = "209--217",
journal = "Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics",
issn = "0952-3871",
number = "2",

}

Comparison of nutrient intake in adolescents and adults with and without food allergies. / Maslin, Kate; Venter, Carina; Mackenzie, Heather; Vlieg-Boerstra, Berber; Dean, Taraneh; Sommer, Isolde.

In: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics, Vol. 31, No. 2, 13.07.2017, p. 209-217.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Comparison of nutrient intake in adolescents and adults with and without food allergies

AU - Maslin, Kate

AU - Venter, Carina

AU - Mackenzie, Heather

AU - Vlieg-Boerstra, Berber

AU - Dean, Taraneh

AU - Sommer, Isolde

N1 - This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Maslin K., Venter C., MacKenzie H., Vlieg‐Boerstra B., Dean T. & Sommer I. (2018) Comparison of nutrient intake in adolescents and adults with and without food allergies. J Hum Nutr Diet. 31, 209–217, which has been published in final form at https://doi.org/10.1111/jhn.12495. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Use of Self-Archived Versions.

PY - 2017/7/13

Y1 - 2017/7/13

N2 - Background: Exclusion diets for the management of food allergy pose a risk of nutritional deficiencies and inadequate growth in children, yet less is known about their effect in adolescents and adults. The aim of this study was to compare the dietary intake of adolescents and adults with food allergies to a control group.Methodology: A food allergic and a control group were recruited from Portsmouth and the Isle of Wight in the United Kingdom. Participants were recruited from a food allergy charity, allergy clinics, a local school and university, and previous research studies. Macro and micronutrient intake data were obtained using a 4-day estimated food diary. Sociodemographic and anthropometric data was collected via a constructed questionnaire.Results: This cross-sectional study included 81 adolescents (48 food allergic and 33 controls) aged 11-18y and 70 adults aged 19-65y (23 food allergic and 47 controls). Overall 19 (22.8%) adolescents and 19 (27.1%) adults took dietary supplements, with no difference according to food allergic status. Adolescents with food allergy had higher intakes of niacin and selenium than adolescents without (p<0.05). This difference persisted when dietary supplements were removed from the analysis. Adults with food allergies had higher intakes of folate and zinc than those without (p < 0.05), however this was not observed when dietary supplements were removed from the analysis. Across all participants, the intake of several micronutrients was suboptimal. There was no difference in protein or calorie intake, or body mass index, according to food allergic status.Conclusions: The dietary intake of food allergic participants was broadly similar and in some cases better than that of control participants. However suboptimal intakes of several micronutrients were observed across all participants, suggesting poor food choices.

AB - Background: Exclusion diets for the management of food allergy pose a risk of nutritional deficiencies and inadequate growth in children, yet less is known about their effect in adolescents and adults. The aim of this study was to compare the dietary intake of adolescents and adults with food allergies to a control group.Methodology: A food allergic and a control group were recruited from Portsmouth and the Isle of Wight in the United Kingdom. Participants were recruited from a food allergy charity, allergy clinics, a local school and university, and previous research studies. Macro and micronutrient intake data were obtained using a 4-day estimated food diary. Sociodemographic and anthropometric data was collected via a constructed questionnaire.Results: This cross-sectional study included 81 adolescents (48 food allergic and 33 controls) aged 11-18y and 70 adults aged 19-65y (23 food allergic and 47 controls). Overall 19 (22.8%) adolescents and 19 (27.1%) adults took dietary supplements, with no difference according to food allergic status. Adolescents with food allergy had higher intakes of niacin and selenium than adolescents without (p<0.05). This difference persisted when dietary supplements were removed from the analysis. Adults with food allergies had higher intakes of folate and zinc than those without (p < 0.05), however this was not observed when dietary supplements were removed from the analysis. Across all participants, the intake of several micronutrients was suboptimal. There was no difference in protein or calorie intake, or body mass index, according to food allergic status.Conclusions: The dietary intake of food allergic participants was broadly similar and in some cases better than that of control participants. However suboptimal intakes of several micronutrients were observed across all participants, suggesting poor food choices.

KW - food allergies

KW - nutrient intake

KW - children

U2 - 10.1111/jhn.12495

DO - 10.1111/jhn.12495

M3 - Article

VL - 31

SP - 209

EP - 217

JO - Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics

JF - Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics

SN - 0952-3871

IS - 2

ER -