Civilian firearm injury and death in England and Wales

M.J. Davies, C. Wells, Peter Squires, T. Hodgetts, F.E. Lecky

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

There is currently concern in the UK that injuries and deaths caused by firearms are increasing. This is supported by small local studies but not by wider research to inform targeted prevention programmes. Methods A retrospective analysis was performed of firearm injuries from the Trauma Audit and Research Network (TARN) database (1998e, 2007), the largest national registry of serious injuries. Data were analysed to determine temporal trends in the prevalence of firearm injuries and demographic characteristics of firearm victims. Conclusions Deaths and serious injuries caused by firearms remain rare in the civilian population of England and Wales, although an upward trend can be described. Victims of assault and homicide are predominantly young men living in urban areas and the population involved is getting younger. However, of all deaths, self-inflicted wounds are nearly twice as common as assaults, affecting predominantly older men living in more rural areas.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)10-14
Number of pages5
JournalEmergency Medicine Journal
Volume29
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 4 Nov 2011

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Wales
Firearms
England
Wounds and Injuries
Urban Population
Homicide
Research
Registries
Demography
Databases
Population

Keywords

  • Death and injury
  • Firearms
  • Statistics

Cite this

Davies, M. J., Wells, C., Squires, P., Hodgetts, T., & Lecky, F. E. (2011). Civilian firearm injury and death in England and Wales. Emergency Medicine Journal, 29(1), 10-14. https://doi.org/10.1136/emj.2009.085837
Davies, M.J. ; Wells, C. ; Squires, Peter ; Hodgetts, T. ; Lecky, F.E. / Civilian firearm injury and death in England and Wales. In: Emergency Medicine Journal. 2011 ; Vol. 29, No. 1. pp. 10-14.
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Davies, MJ, Wells, C, Squires, P, Hodgetts, T & Lecky, FE 2011, 'Civilian firearm injury and death in England and Wales', Emergency Medicine Journal, vol. 29, no. 1, pp. 10-14. https://doi.org/10.1136/emj.2009.085837

Civilian firearm injury and death in England and Wales. / Davies, M.J.; Wells, C.; Squires, Peter; Hodgetts, T.; Lecky, F.E.

In: Emergency Medicine Journal, Vol. 29, No. 1, 04.11.2011, p. 10-14.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AB - There is currently concern in the UK that injuries and deaths caused by firearms are increasing. This is supported by small local studies but not by wider research to inform targeted prevention programmes. Methods A retrospective analysis was performed of firearm injuries from the Trauma Audit and Research Network (TARN) database (1998e, 2007), the largest national registry of serious injuries. Data were analysed to determine temporal trends in the prevalence of firearm injuries and demographic characteristics of firearm victims. Conclusions Deaths and serious injuries caused by firearms remain rare in the civilian population of England and Wales, although an upward trend can be described. Victims of assault and homicide are predominantly young men living in urban areas and the population involved is getting younger. However, of all deaths, self-inflicted wounds are nearly twice as common as assaults, affecting predominantly older men living in more rural areas.

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Davies MJ, Wells C, Squires P, Hodgetts T, Lecky FE. Civilian firearm injury and death in England and Wales. Emergency Medicine Journal. 2011 Nov 4;29(1):10-14. https://doi.org/10.1136/emj.2009.085837